GC: n

S: WHO – https://goo.gl/LJVYVF (last access: 18 November 2016); MNT – https://goo.gl/WtMpaJ (last access: 18 November 2016).

N: 1. From dizzy, Old English dysig “foolish, stupid,” from Proto-Germanic dusijaz (source also of Low German düsig “dizzy,” Dutch duizelen “to be dizzy,” Old High German dusig “foolish,” German Tor “fool”, Old English dwæs, Dutch dwaas “foolish”), perhaps from PIE dheu– (1) “dust, vapor, smoke; to rise in a cloud”. Meaning “having a whirling sensation” is from middle of the 14th century; that of “giddy” is from c. 1500 and seems to merge the two earlier meanings. Related: Dizzily. + ness word-forming element denoting action, quality, or state, attached to an adjective or past participle to form an abstract noun, from Old English –nes(s), from Proto-Germanic in-assu– (cognates: Old Saxon -nissi, Middle Dutch -nisse, Dutch -nis, Old High German –nissa, German -nis, Gothic -inassus), from -in-, noun stem, + -assu-, abstract noun suffix, probably from the same root as Latin -tudo.
2. A temporary feeling that your sense of balance is not good and that you may fall down.
3. Signs and symptoms of dizziness include lightheadedness, feeling faint or passing out, spinning, whirling, or motion – either of themselves or of the surroundings, weakness, tiredness, confusion, feeling off balance, headache or head pressure, chest pain or tightness, nausea, or vomiting.
4. Dizziness can be associated with a variety of conditions, including:

  • Drop in blood pressure
  • Poor blood circulation
  • Neurological conditions
  • Medications
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Low iron levels (anemia)
  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
  • Overheating and dehydration
  • Age.

5. Dizziness is one of the most common complaints and affects 20% to 30% of the general population. In fact, dizziness is a common reason that adults seek medical attention. Although dizziness can occur in people of any age, it is more common among older adults. A fear of dizziness can cause older adults to limit their physical and social activities.
6. Difference between vertigo and dizziness: vertigo may cause a feeling of dizziness, but those two terms describe different symptoms. Vertigo is characterized by a spinning sensation, like the room is moving. It may also feel like motion sickness or as if you’re leaning to one side. True dizziness is the feeling of lightheadedness or nearly fainting.
7. Collocations:

  • Noun + noun: cause (of), symptom.
  • Verb + noun: to cause, to give rise to, to suffer (from)

8. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the book Vertigo and Dizziness: Common Complaints (2013) by Thomas Brandt, Marianne Dieterich, Michael Strupp.

S: 1. OED – https://goo.gl/FoKBRn (last access: 18 November 2016); https://goo.gl/Ogya8s (last access: 18 November 2016). 2. DC – https://goo.gl/G5uDbm (last access: 18 November 2016). 3. EME – https://goo.gl/4LDBZ2 (last access: 18 November 2016). 4. MAYO – https://goo.gl/kp3Kd9 (last access: 18 November 2016). 5. WebMD – https://goo.gl/EbMPYx (last access: 18 November 2016); ASHA – https://goo.gl/6hBYhT (last access: 18 November 2016). 6. HLN – https://goo.gl/5kND4x (last access: 18 November 2016). 7. MNT – https://goo.gl/nWRH2s (last access: 18 November 2016). 8. GB – https://goo.gl/2yo2yW (last access: 18 November 2016).

SYN: giddiness

S: CD – https://goo.gl/BVrTdw (last access: 18 November 2016)

CR: acrophobia, agoraphobia, motion sickness, otitis, vertigo.