Chagas disease

GC: n

S: WHO – (last access: 19 November 2013); CDC – (last access: 2 May 2016).

N: 1. Infection with the flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. It is transmitted to humans by bloodsucking reduviid bugs and is endemic in most rural areas of Central and South America. The disease is most often transmitted by contact with the feces of infected insects, commonly through scratching of the skin at the site of the insects’ bites, or through the mucous membranes of the eye and mouth.
2. Chagas disease occurs mainly in Latin America. However, in the past decades it has been increasingly detected in the United States of America, Canada, many European and some Western Pacific countries. This is due mainly to population mobility between Latin America and the rest of the world. Less frequently, it is due to infection through blood transfusion, vertical transmission (from infected mother to child) or organ donation.
3. After Carlos Chagas (deceased in) 1934, Braz(ilian) physician who described it.
4. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the documentary Chagas/A Silent Killer(2013) directed by Ricardo Preve.

S: 1. EncBrit – (last access: 19 November 2013). 2 WHO – (last access: 19 November 2013). 3. GDT – (last access: 19 November 2013). 4. (last access: 2 May 2016).

SYN: 1. Chagas’ disease. 2. American trypanosomiasis.

S: 1. EncBrit – (last access: 19 November 2013); GDT – (last access: 19 November 2013). 2. EncBrit – (last access: 19 November 2013).

CR: African trypanosomiasis, nyctalopia, protozoiasis, trypanosome.