anorexia nervosa

GC: n

S: WHO – access: 30 July 2016); NHS – (last access: 30 July 2016).

N: 1. anorexia (n): 1590s, “lack of appetite,” Modern Latin, from Greek anorexia, from an-, privative prefix, “without” + orexis “appetite, desire,” from oregein “to desire, stretch out” (cognate with Latin regere “to keep straight, guide, rule;”). In current use, often short for anorexia nervosa.
nervosa (adj): Latin nervōsa ‎(“nervous”).
anorexia nervosa (n.): “emaciation as a result of severe emotional disturbance,” coined 1873 by William W. Gull (1816-1890), who also proposed apepsia hysterica as a name for it.
2. A psychophysiologic condition, usually seen in girls and young women, characterized by severe and prolonged invalidity or refusal to eat, sometimes accompanied by spontaneous or induced vomiting, extreme emaciation, amenorrhea (impotence in males), and other biological changes.
3. Not to be confused with anorexia.
4. Cultural Interrelation: In 1684 Anorexia Nervosa was described for the first time, but it was not until 1870 that it became identified and described with its own diagnosis.
“Miss A” – pictured in 1866 and in 1870 after treatment. She was one of the earliest Anorexia nervosa case studies.
Miss A was referred to Sir William Gull by her doctor, a Mr Kelson Wright, of Clapham, London on 17 January 1866.

S: 1. OED – (last access: 4 November 2014); (last access: 30 July 2016); (last access: 30 July 2016). 2 & 3. TERMIUM PLUS – (last access: 30 July 2016); FCB. 4. (last access: 2 April 2015).

SYN: hysteric apepsia

S: GDT – (last access: 30 July 2016)

CR: anorexia, bulimia, bulimia nervosa, muscle dysmorphia.