GC: n

S: (last access: 16 July 2012); EncBrit.

N: 1. altruism, in ethics, a theory of conduct that regards the good of others as the end of moral action. The term (French altruisme, derived from Latin alter, “other”) was coined in the 19th century by Auguste Comte, the founder of Positivism, and adopted generally as a convenient antithesis to egoism. As a theory of conduct, its adequacy depends on an interpretation of “the good.” If the term is taken to mean pleasure and the absence of pain, most altruists have agreed that a moral agent has an obligation to further the pleasures and alleviate the pains of other people.
2. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention The Penguin and the Leviathan: How Cooperation Triumphs over Self-Interest (2011) written by Yochai Benkler.

S: 1. EncBrit. 2. (last access: 18 May 2015).


CR: humanitarian