alienage
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GC: n

S: DHCS – https://bit.ly/2B9PVtI (last access: 11 April 2017); SHL – https://bit.ly/2BdAXD5 (last access: 11 April 2017).

N: 1. “state of being alien,” 1753, from alien (1300, “strange, foreign,” from Old French alien “strange, foreign;” as a noun, “an alien, stranger, foreigner,” from Latin alienus “of or belonging to another, not one’s own, foreign, strange,” also, as a noun, “a stranger, foreigner,” adjective from alius (adv.) “another, other, different,” from PIE root *al- “beyond”) + -age (word-forming element in nouns of act, process, function, condition, from Old French and French -age, from Late Latin -aticum “belonging to, related to,” originally neuter adjectival suffix, from PIE *-at- (source of Latin –atus, past participle suffix of verbs of the first conjugation) + *-(i)ko-, secondary suffix forming adjectives).
Other abstract noun forms include alienship (1846); alienness (1881).
First known use of “alienage”: 1677.
2. The status of being an alien; being from elsewhere.
3. In the field of Citizenship and Immigration: The state or condition of being an alien.
4. Alienage classifications are those which treat citizens and non-citizens differently. Typically, of course, the classifications have the effect of denying a benefit or an opportunity to non-citizens that is generally available to citizens.
5. In Legal and Foreign Trade fields, the term in use is “foreign origin”.

S: 1. OED – https://bit.ly/2DGU2Py (last access: 11 April 2017); MW – https://bit.ly/2RVHtZJ (last access: 11 April 2017). 2. Wiktionary – https://bit.ly/2GaX2FJ (last access: 11 April 2017). 3. TERMIUM PLUS – http://goo.gl/LG56sw (last access: 11 April 2017). 4. Law2 – https://bit.ly/2Siz1CY (last access: 11 April 2017). 5. GDT – http://goo.gl/B15G8K (last access: 11 April 2017); TERMIUM PLUS – http://goo.gl/LG56sw (last access: 11 April 2017).

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CR: alienable, alienation, emigration, émigré, foreigner, immigration, stateless person.