Find below the list of sources we have used for compiling the terms:

AAAS – American Association for the Advancement of Science. Available from:

AA – Achoo Allergy – Available from:

AAD – American Academy of Dermatology Association Copyright © 2017. Available from:

AAFP – American Academy of Family Physicians. American Family of Physicians (AFP) is the editorially independent, peer-reviewed and evidence-based medical journal published by the American Academy of Family Physicians. Available from:

AANS – American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS). Available from:

AAO – American Academy of Ophtalmology. The world’s largest association of eye physicians and surgeons. A global community of 32,000 medical doctors, we protect sight and empower lives by setting the standards for ophthalmic education and advocating for our patients and the public. San Francisco (California, United States). Available from:

AAOS – American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. (1995-2021). OrthoInfo [online web]. Available from:

AAPnews – APP News. Available from:

ABC – ABC News Australia. Available from:

ABCBirds – ABC’s Bird Library – American Bird Conservancy. 8255 E. Main Street Suites D & E Marshall, VA 20115 (USA). Available from:

Abla, O. & Janka, G. (2018). Histiocytic Disorders. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

ABOUT – abouthealth. Available from: Trees and Shrubs. The service and its affiliate sites and products, including,,,, and (collectively the “Sites”) are owned and operated by About, Inc. Available from:

AC – Anxiety Care UK. Non-profit registered company based in East London. Available from:

ACAAI – American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology – Available from:

Academic – Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias. Available from:

ACAEDU – Platform for academics to share research papers. The company’s mission is to accelerate the world’s research. Available from:

ACAOUP – Oxford Academic Journals. Available from:

ACAS – Promoting employment relations and human relations excellence. It is an organisation devoted to preventing and resolving employment disputes. Available from:

ACL – ACL Abthology. The ACL Anthology currently hosts 89156 papers on the study of computational linguistics and natural language processing. Available from:

ACME – ACME Laboratories. Graphics Unix Networks Fun. Purveyors of fine freeware since 1972. On the net since 1991. Available from:

ACR – American College of Rheumatology. [online web]. Available at:

Access Medicine. Online medical content from favorite medical titles. Available from:

ACS – American Cancer Society. Available from:

ADAA – Anxiety and Depression Association of America. Available from:

ADDC – Addiction Center. Since 2014, Addiction Center has been an informational web guide for those who are struggling with substance use disorders and co-occurring behavioral and mental health disorders. Available from:

ADF – Alcohol Drug Foundation PO Box 818 North Melbourne, Victoria, 3051 (Australia). © Copyright 2018 Alcohol and Drug Foundation. All Rights Reserved. Available from:

ADH – The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project is an initiative of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights to support the application and implementation of international law in armed conflict. Available from:

AEM – Anne Elizabeth Maczulak.” Environmental Engineering: Designing a Sustainable Future”. Available from:

AEU – Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited. 2009-2017. Park Terrace East, Horsham West, Sussex (United Kingdom). Available from:

AFD – Agence française de développement. 5 rue Roland Barthes. 75 598 Paris Cedex 12 (France). Available from:

AFIN – Koch, D-J. (2009): ”Aid from International NGOs. Blind spots on the aid allocation map”. New York: Routledge. Available from:

Agbar Foundation. Website of the Agbar Water Museum. Available from:

AGS – American Geriatrics Society. 40 Fulton St., 18th Floor. New York, NY 10038 (USA). Available from:

AHA – The American Historical Association (AHA) was founded in 1884 and chartered by Congress in 1889 to serve the interests of the entire discipline of history. Available from:

AHAss – American Heart Association. Copyright © American Heart Association, Inc. Available from:

AHCE – Humanitarian association. Council of Europe (1998): The human rights, ethical and moral dimensions of healthcare.European Network of Scientific Cooperation on Medicine and Human Rights. Council of Europe Publications. Available from:

AHR – The American Historical Association (AHA) was founded in 1884 and chartered by Congress in 1889 to serve the interests of the entire discipline of history. Aligning with the AHA’s mission, the AHR has been the journal of record for the historical profession in the United States since 1895—the only journal that brings together scholarship from every major field of historical study. Available from:

AI – Amnesty International. Working to Protect Human Rights. Available from: HIV/AIDS information from the US Government. Available from:

AIHW – Authoritative information and statistics to promote better health and wellbeing. Australian Government- Autralian Institute of Health and Welfare. Available from:

AJADD – American Journal of ADD. American Journal of Advanced Drug Delivery. Available from:

AJPH – American Journal of Public Health. Copyright © 2021 American Public Health Association. Available from:

ALETEIA – web site is being published by Aleteia SAS a French company with its headquarters seated in Paris (France). Available from:

Alja – Aljazeera. Al Jazeera Channel. Al Jazeera Arabic. Al Jazeera Media Network. Available from:

All Law – Available from:

Alnap – ALNAP, which is hosted by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), London (UK). Available from:

Alpha – Alpha Dictionary, ©2004-2015 Robert Beard All Rights Reserved. Available from: – Alzheimer’s Association, the world’s leading voluntary health organization in Alzheimer’s care, support and research. 225 N. Michigan Ave. Floor 17 Chicago, IL 60601 (USA). Available from:

Alz Soc – Alzheimer’s Society, 43-44 Crutched Friars, London, EC3N 2AE (UK). Available from:

AM – Australian Musem. 1 William Street. Sydney NSW 2010 (Australia). Available from:

AmAlj – America Aljazeera (see Aljazeera).

Amazon – Books. Available from: Website of the archive of the American Government. Available from:

American Journal of ADD (see AJADD).

AMFA – Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs. Available from:

AMINO – 2007-2016 Amino Acids Guide. Available from:

AMOSS – Australian manual of scientific life. The ”Australian manual of scientific style” (AMOSS) was designed as a key resource for the Australian scientific and communications community. Available from:

AMPA- American Pregnancy Association Promoting Pregnancy Wellness. Available from:

Amplifon – Global leader in hearing healthcare with over 10,000 clinics in 29 countries. Miracle-Ear Canada, Ltd. Available from:

AMS GLOS – Meteorology Glossary by the American Meteorological Society. Available from:

ANNFAMMED – Annals of Family Medicine. Copyright © 2021 Annals of Family Medicine. Available from:

Antislav – Anti-slavery. © 2019 Anti-Slavery International | UK Registered Charity 1049160
Company Limited by Guarantee 3079904 | Registered in England and Wales. Available from:

AO – Alopecia Online. All content is © Alopecia UK 2017. Available from:

AofS – Annals of Surgery. A monthly review of Surgical Science since 1885. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. (USA). All rights reserved. Available from:

APA – American Psychological Association. 50 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242 (USA). Available from:

APA Psycnet – American Psychological Association. Available from:

AP Mine Ban Convention. Website of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction. Available from:

APMA – American Podiatric Medical Association. [online web]. Available at:

APS – American Physiological Society. Copyright © 2021 the American Physiological Society. Available from:

AQPPT – Association québécoise des personnes de petite taille. © 2011. Created by John D. D. Translated by George Bravo and Judy Murphy. 6300 Park Avenue, Suite 430
Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Available from:

ARC – American Red Cross. Available from:

ArchGov (see NatArch).

ArielS – Ariel Salleh. Ecofeminism as Politics. 1997. Available from:

Arizona Pediatric Cardiology Consultants. Available from:

Ark – Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, LUX, Lund University. Box 192, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden. Available from:

Arnold Ditkin – Trial Lawyers. 6009 Memorial Drive Houston, TX 77007 (USA). Also in Baton Rouge (Louisiana), Dallas (Texas), and Midland (Texas). Available from:

AS – Access Science. Board of Consulting Editors. Available from:

ASA – The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Copyright © 2021 AIP Publishing LLC. Available from:

ASAHQ – Lifeline to Modern Medicine: Brought to you by the American Society of Anaesthesiologists. Available from:

ASCO – American Society of Clinical Oncology. Available from:

ASHA- American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Available from:

Ashok, P. &  Aggarwal, S. (2018). Differences and similarities between disseminated intravascular coagulation and thrombotic microangiopathy. Thrombosis Journal. Thromb J. 2018; 16: 14. Retrieved from:

Askbio – Ask A Biologist funded in part by the National Science Foundation and NSDL. Arizona State University (ASU). Copyright © 2018 Arizona Board of Regents. Available from:

ASP – Airspacemag – Air & Space/Smithsonian bimonthly magazine. Adjunct of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum. 655 Jefferson Drive, SW
Washington, DC 20560 (United States). Available from:

AT – Australians Together. Available from:

ATMPH – Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Available from:

AUA – American Urological Association. (2021). [online web]. Available at:

Audubon – The National Audubon Society is an American non-profit environmental organization dedicated to conservation of birds and their habitats. Located in the United States and incorporated in 1905, Audubon is one of the oldest of such organizations in the world. Available from:

AustLII – AustLII is Australia’s most popular online free-access resource for Australian legal information, serving the needs of a multitude of users with over 600,000 hits daily. AustLII is a joint facility of the UTS and UNSW Faculties of Law. Available from:

Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs (see AMFA).

AVAC – Asociación Valenciana de Pacientes anticoagulados y portadores de válvulas cardíacas.

AWwW – A Way with Words. A public radio program about language examined through history, culture, and family. The show is on the air since 1998. Available from:

Babu, M. (2018). Nursing Care Planning Resource, Vol. 2: Maternal and Neonatal Health, First South Asia Edition. Elsevier Health Sciences. [online book]. Retrieved from:

BabyMed – babyMed. Pregnancy. © 2001-2017 – All Rights Reserved. Available from:

Banic, B. et al. “Professional and social responsibilities of clinical pharmacology”. Medicinski pregled. Nov.-Dec. 1997, nº 50. Available from:

BBC – Website of the British public service broadcasting corporation. Available from:

BC – Boston College. Boston College, the first institution of higher education to operate in the city of Boston, is today among the nation’s foremost universities, a leader in the liberal arts, scientific inquiry, and student formation. Available from:

BD – Business Dictionary – Online Business Dictionary. Copyright©2007-2011 Vijay Luthra and All rights reserved. Available from:

Beck, D. E., Wexner, S. D., Hull, T.L., Roberts, P.L., Saclarides, T. J., Senagore, A. J., Stamos, M. J. & Steele, S. R. (2014). The ASCRS Manual of Colon and Rectal Surgery. (2nd ed.) Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

BERDE- Official Website of the City of Berlin. Available from:

BeyIntr – Beyond Intractability. The Beyond Intractability Knowledge Base Project. University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA. Available from:

BG – Business Green. Available from:

BHC – Better Health Channel. Consultado en:

BHFS – See Business Humanitarian Forum of Switzerland.

Bhowmik, B., Sinha, R., Sattur, A. P. & Banerjee, I. (2019). Evaluation of cystic schwannoma of masticator space – A case report. J Family Med Prim Care. 2019 Jan; 8(1): 285–288.  Retrieved from:

BIOCHEMC – Worthington Biochemical Coorporation. Available from: Website of the American Journal of Bioethics. Available from:

BIOG – 2016 Bio and the Bio logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Available from:

BIOGonline – A collection of biographies about famous, inspirational and influential people, who have helped to shape and change the world. We are continuing to add more biographies over time. The main author of Biography Online is Tejvan Pettinger from Oxford, UK. The site was founded in April 2006. Available from:

BIOL – Biology online. Biology Online is the home for everyone who is interested in studying and becoming more familiar with biology, whether you are a teacher, student, scientist or anyone else who shares a passion for Biology’s aspects. Available from:

Biomedicine – ”A Textbook for Practitioners of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine” by Bruce H. Robinson, MD. Boulder, Colorado: Blue Poppy Press, 2007.

Birdspot – Bird Spot started life as British Bird Lovers with the aim of making birds and bird watching accessible to all. In 2019 we made the decision to rebrand and Bird Spot was born, We relaunched our website, completely redesigning it, refreshed the content to ensure its accuracy, and moved to a new server to make things work better. Available from:

Bizfluent – Copyright © Leaf Group Ltd. Available from:

BJA – British Journal Anaesthesia. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. except certain content provided by third parties. United Kingdom. Available from:

BLANDFORD – Blandford A, Furniss D, Galal-Edeen GH, et al. Intravenous infusion practices across England and their impact on patient safety: a mixed-methods observational study. Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2020 Feb. (Health Services and Delivery Research, No. 8.7.) Chapter 6, Phase 2: patient perspectives on infusion administration. Available from:

BM – Balseros Miami. Cuban Heritage Collection | UM Libraries. Available from:

BMC – BMC Medicine is the flagship medical journal of the BMC series. An open access, transparent peer-reviewed general medical journal. Available from:

BMJ – British Medical Journal. Available from: – ©Harry Harrington 2013. Available from:

BournUniv or BU – Bournemouth University. Fern Barrow, Poole BH12 5BB (United Kingdom). Available from:,

BPAC – Best Practice Advocacy Centre New Zealand. Available from:

BPBA – The Biology Project. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, University of Arizona. Available from:

BPO – Basel Peace Office. Advancing international peace and security through nuclear abolition. Available from:

BR – Background readings. ”The Historical Origins and Development of Racism” by George M. Fredrickson. © 2003 California Newsreel. Available from:

BrainFoundation – Brain Foundation. Brain and Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney. © 2017 Brain Foundation/All rights reserved. Available from:

BRAINLINE – Brain Line: All about brain injury and PTSD. WETA: © 2017 WETA All Rights Reserved. Available from:

Brigham and Women’s hospital. Available from:

BrightHub – Bright Hub. © 2016 Bright Hub Inc. Available from:; Copyright © 2022 Bright Hub Engineering. Available from:

BritDict – The Britannica Dictionary. Copyright 2024 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Corporate Site. All rights reserved. Available from:

British Sea – Available from:

Brodsky, R. A. (2014). Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Blood. 2014 Oct 30; 124(18): 2804–2811.  Retrieved from:

Brook, S.; Holland, J. (2009) “A Mixed-method Approach to Measuring Empowerment in the Context of Social Policy Monitoring in Jamaica”. At: The World Bank. Proverty Reduction Management. Available from:

BrunoLO – webpage of Bruno Law Offices, © 2016, Bruno Law Offices. Available from:

BSCB – British Society for Cell Biology. 1965-2015. Available from:

BSR – Berkley Science Review. Available from:

BU – Boston University. Websites on the domain,, and Boston University’s other digital properties, such as BU mobile applications (each a “Site” and, collectively, the “Sites”) are controlled by Trustees of Boston University (the “University”). Available from:

BU (see BournUniv for Bournemouth University).

Bur – Buray, The Legalese Site. 2014. Available from:

BUS – Boston University’s Sustainability Program comprises a broad range of stakeholder groups on campus to provide the greatest diversity of representation and opinion. The program is made up of sustainability@BU and Dining Services Sustainability. Available from:

Business Dictionary (see BD)

Business Humanitarian Forum of Switzerland. Available from:

BUSIN – Business Insider Inc. 2014. Available from:

BWC – BBC News. ”What is a war crime? ”. Available from:

CABUK – Citizens Advice Bureau. Adviceguide, self help from Citizens Advice. United Kingdom. Available from:

CAIRN – International Edition. Founded in 2005 by four Belgian and French academic publishers, offers the most comprehensive online collection of francophone publications in social sciences and humanities. Available from:

Caister – Caister Academic Press. Leading specialist publisher of books and ebooks in microbiology and molecular biology. Founded in 1993. Available from:

Califcourts – California Courts. The Judicial Branch of California. © 2019 Judicial Council of California. Available from:

Cambridge / CD – Cambridge Dictionary. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2021. Available from:

Camb Univ Press – Cambridge University Press. Cambridge University Press & Assessment Shaftesbury Road Cambridge CB2 8EA (UK). Available from:

Canadian Red Cross / Red The Canadian Red Cross Society is part of the largest humanitarian network in the world, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Ottawa (Canada). Available from:

CARE – Website of the humanitarian organization fighting global poverty. Available from:

CAS – CAS Number. The CAS substance collection, is the premier source relied upon by scientists, manufacturers, regulators, and data scientists worldwide for accurate information on chemical substances. Division of American Chemical Society. Available from:

CAST – Gary Taylor. “Castration: An Abbreviated History of Western Manhood”. New York 2002. Available from:

CBS – CBS. 2016 CBS Interactive. Available from:

CC – Cleveland Clinic. Cleveland, Ohio 44195. Available from:

CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services [online web]. Available from:

CDN – Communities Digital News. 2015. Available from:

CEC – Commission of European Communities. 2013. P.5. Available from:

CED – Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. Available from:

CETIM – Centre Europe Tiers Monde. CETIM was created in 1970 in Geneva. It is a centre for study, research and information on the mechanisms at the origin of maldevelopment, and is also an interface with social movements. Recognised as a public utility, CETIM is a non-profit association. Rue Amat 6. 1202 Geneva (Switzerland). Available from:

Ceusters, W. et al. “Trainig of health care personnel towards the implementation and use of electronic health care records using integrated imaging technology”. Medical informatics, Oct.-Dec. 1992, nº 17. Available from:

CFR – The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an independent, nonpartisan membership organization, think tank, and publisher. Available from:

CFSPH – The Center for Food Security and Public Health. Available from: World Platform for Change. Available from:

ChannelDW – DW; Latino and German TV channel. Available from:

Charity Commission. Website of the regulator for charities in England and Wales. Available from:

Chand, S. et al. (2019). Factors Leading To Meconium Aspiration Syndrome in Term- and Post-term Neonates. Cureus. 2019 Sep; 11(9): e5574. Retrieved from:

CHEMISTRY / CHEM – Biochemistry Projects (2008). Dr. Saderholm, M. Journal of Chemical Education (2011). Available from:

Chestnuth – Chestnut School of Herbal Medicine. 73 Sanford Way Weaverville, NC 28787. Available from:

Chestofb – Read Books Online for Free. This project is brought to you by StasoSphere. Available from:

Child Care Health and Safety Resource Center of North Carolina. Available from:

Chiumello, D. (2017). Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

Chron – Houston Chronicle. As one of Texas’ largest news organizations, Houston Chronicle publishes print and online products in English and Spanish, including mobile apps and sites, direct mail, commercial print and experiential marketing programs. © 2017 Hearst Communications Inc. All Rights Reserved. Privacy Policy. Terms of Service. Available from:

CIArb – The Chartered Institute of Arbitrator’s Dispute Appointment Service (CIArb – DAS). Available from:

CIGNA – Cigna Healthcare. Health Insurance, Dental Plans & Medicare. Available from:

CL – Cochrane Library. Copyright © 2000-2021 by John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated. Available from:

Clowns without borders. Website of the humanitarian aid association. Available from:

CMeD – Concise Medical Dictionary, THIRD EDITION. Oxford (New York). OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1990. Editor: Elizabeth A. Martin MA.

CMNS – College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences. University of Maryland. Available from:

CMU – Carnegie Mellon University – School of Computer Science, Pittsburgh (USA). Available from:

CNN – Cable News Network. Available from:

Cochrane – Independent global network of researchers, practitioners, patients, caregivers and others interested in health. Available from:

CODP – ”The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics”. Iain McLean, Alistair McMillan. Oxford University Press, 2009. Available from:

Cofepris – Comisión Federal para la Protección contra Riesgos Sanitarios (Federal Commission for the Protection against Sanitary Risk), Mexico. Available from:

Cohen, M. “Environmental toxins and health: the health impact of pesticides”. Australian Family Physician, December 2007, nº 36. Available from:

COLLINS – Collins Dictionary. Available from:

CommPh – Common Phobias. COMMON-PHOBIAS.COM. Author: Edward Bozman. Available from:

COMPLETE PLANET. The Deep Web Directory. Available from:

CofFR – Code of Federal Regulations (United States). Revised as of January 1, 1964. Available from:

Condalab – This Website with the domain name is owned by LABORATORIOS CONDA, S.A. Calle Forja 9, Torrejón de Ardoz, 28850, Madrid (Spain). Available from:

CoordS – Coordination Sud. French ONG coordination. Available from:

CORP ESP – Corpus del español. Created by Mark Davies, BYU. Funded by the US National Endowment for the Humanities (2001-2002, 2015-2017). Available from:

COSNAUTAS – A platform full of resources for professionals in the field of Spanish medical translation with the following contents: a database containing links to online medical resources ”Árbol de Cos” (‘Tree of Cos’), a repository of medical abbreviations in Spanish, an English-Spanish dictionary of allergology and clinical immunology and a dictionary of words that are difficult to translate in both directions − Spanish into English and English into Spanish (the so-called ”Libro Rojo”). Available from:

CPRC – Moini, Jahangir. (2010). Cardiopulmonary Pharmacology for Respiratory Care. USA: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC.

CRC – The UAB Injury Control Research Center. Available from:

CRCH – CRC Health. Copyright © 2000-2015 CRC Health All rights reserved. Policies, Privacy & Health Information Practices | Notice Of Privacy Practices
20400 Stevens Creek Boulevard, 6th Floor, Cupertino, California 95014 (USA). Available from:

Crimjotwell – © 2009-2019 Jotwell · Powered by WordPress. Available from:

Crowe, D. R., Morgan, M. B., Somach, S. C. & Trapp, K. M. (2016). Deadly Dermatologic Diseases. (2nd ed). Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

Cruces University Hospital. Available from:

Cruisworld – Cruising World. Liveboard Sailing, Sailboat Chartering, Sailboat Reviews and More. Cruising World Magazine. 605 Chestnut Street, Suite 800 Chattanooga, TN 37450 (USA). Available from:

CRUK – Cancer Research UK. Available from:

CSFS – Canadian Society of Forensic Science. P.O. Box 37040, 3332 McCarthy Road Ottawa, Ontario (Canada) K1V 0W0. Available from:

CSL – Child Life Society. (2021). [online web].  Available at:

CT – Urban Water Cycle. Tueson: Council of Tueson. Avaible from:

CUDS – Columbia University. Department of Surgery. Available from:

CultSurv – Cultural Survival. Cultural Survival advocates for Indigenous Peoples’ rights and supports Indigenous communities’ self-determination, cultures and political resilience, since 1972.. Cultural Survival envisions a future that respects and honors Indigenous Peoples’ inherent rights and dynamic cultures, deeply and richly interwoven in lands, languages, spiritual traditions, and artistic expression, rooted in self-determination and self-governance. Available from:

CUNY – The City University of New York. Luis Roniger, ”Political Clientelism, Democracy, and Market Economy”. Comparative Politics, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Apr., 2004). Available from:

CWB – Central Weather Bureau. Government Website, Taipei (Taiwan). Available from:

CWEP – The Crimes of War Education Project. It is a private, non-profit corporation. Available from:

DAH – Dictionary of American History, 2003. Available from:

Dangleben, D. A. & Madbak, F. G. (2017). Acute Care General Surgery.  Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

Dawul – Dawul Wuru Aboriginal Corporation. The Dawul Wuru Aboriginal Corporation (the Corporation) is an Aboriginal Traditional Owner owned, managed and governed community organisation servicing the eastern north Queensland area between Cairns and Port Douglas. Available from:

DEA – Drug Enforcement Administration. Department of Justice. USA Government. Available from:

DB – Difference Between | Wiki Diff. Descriptive Analysis and Comparisons, 2016. Available from:

DC- Disaster Center. Hurracaine. Available from:

DeCS – DeCS/MeSH. The multilingual thesaurus DeCS/MeSH – Health Science Descriptors/Medical Subject Headings – was created by BIREME to serve as a unique language in indexing articles from scientific journals, books, congress proceedings, technical reports, and other types of materials, as well as for searching and retrieving subjects from scientific literature from information sources available on the Virtual Health Library (VHL) such as LILACS, MEDLINE, and others. Available from:

DEF – We are a free multilingual dictionary that provides instant definitions from many respected reference resources such as the Random House College Dictionary, Princeton WordNet, Wiktionary, Webster Dictionary, U.S. National Library of Medicine, DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms and more. Available from:

Delegation of the European Union to Afghanistan. Available from:

Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Available from:

Department of Conservation of the State of California (see DOC).

Department of Health of the New York State – New York State Department of Health (see NYSDOH).

DermNet – DermNet NZ. (2021). DermNet New Zealand Trust. [online web]. Available at:

Development Policy Blog (see Devpolicy).

Devpolicy – Established in September 2010, the Devpolicy Blog provides a platform for the best in aid and development analysis, research and policy comment, with global coverage and a focus on Australia, the Pacific and Papua New Guinea. Blog from the Development Policy Centre at the Australian National University. Available from:

DFCSCA – Department of Food, Civil Supplies & Consumer Affairs. Government of Punjab, India. Available from:

DFID – Department for international Development. GOV.UK is managed by Government Digital Service (GDS) on behalf of the Crown. GDS is part of the Cabinet Office and will be referred to as ‘we’ from now on. Available from:

DHCS – California Department of Health Care Services. Copyright © 2018 State of California (USA). Available from:

DHS – Department of Homeland Security. Cabinet department of the United States federal government with responsibilities in public security. Available from:

DHSW – The Department of Health Services (DHS) is one of the largest and most diverse state agencies in Wisconsin (USA). Available from:

DIAB – Global diabetes community. Available from:

DICT / DIC.COM – Copyright ©, LLC. Available from:

DigHum – Digital Humanitarian. Available from:

DISEARCH – Disease Infosearch. Poweered by Genetic Alliance. Available from:

DOC – Department of Conservation of the State of California (USA). Available from:

DOCK – G. Dock Dockery. Lower Extremity Soft Tissue & Cutaneous Plastic Surgery (Second Edition), USA, 2012. Available from:

Doctors Without Borders. Website of humanitarian and medical aid. Available from:

DOO – ”Dictionary of Old Occupations” by Jane Hewitt. Available from Family Tree Researcher:

DORLAND, W. A. N. ”Dorland’s Medical Dictionary”. Shorter ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Pr, 1980. ISBN 0030567440. Dorland’s Medical Dictionary Online:

DRUGS – Drug Information Online. Website of drugs information. Available from:

DrugWise – Home Page of DrugWise provides a full range of DrugScope archival materials and all Druglink articles back to 1986.

DSG – Diversity Style Guide. A style guide to help journalists, initially a project of the Center for Integration and Improvement of Journalism at San Francisco State University (USA). Available from:

DU – University of Denver (Denver, Colorado, USA). Available from:

Duggins, S. D., Rosenfeld, M., & Chmiel, J. (2020). Cystic Fibrosis A Multi-Organ System Approach. ATS. Humana Press. [online book]. Retrieved from:

DW – DisabledWorld. Available from:

DWB – Doctors without borders. An independent, global movement providing medical aid where it’s needed most. Available from:

DWI – The doctors weighs in. 2017. Doctor Pat Salber. Available from:

EC – European Commission – International Cooperation and Development. Available from:

ECB – European Central Bank. Available from:

ECCS – European Consumer Centre for Services. Available from:

Economist – The Economist. Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited 2019. Available from:

ECOSOC – The United Nations Economic and Social Council. Headquarters: New York (USA) and Geneva (Switzerland). Available from:

ECPAT – End Child Prostitution and Trafficking. Available from:

ECTransl – European Commission. Translation and drafting resources of the European Commission. Available from:

EDA or DFAE/FDFA – Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. The Federal Council of Switzerland. Avilable from:

Edmsocplan – Edmonton Social Planning Council. Independent, nonprofit, non-partisan social research organization with registered charitable status. Suite 206, 10050 – 112th Street NW (Compass Place) – Edmonton, Alberta T5K 2J1 (Canada). Available from:

EE – ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING. JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC. pp. 680-701. 2013. Avaible from:

EERE – Ebergy efficiency & Renewable Energy. U.S. Department of Energy. Available from:

EFCNI – European foundation for the care of newborn infants. (2019). [online web].  Available from:

EH – eHow-to do everything. 1999-2016 Demand Media, Inc. Available from:

EIGE – European Institute for Gender Equality. Vilnius, Lithuania. Available from:

EJS – European Journal of Sociology / Archives Européennes de Sociologie. Cambridge University Press. Available from:

ELAC – Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict. Available from:

ELSEVIER / ELSEV – Elsevier Books and Journals. Elsevier is a world-leading provider of information solutions that enhance the performance of science, health, and technology professionals. Available from:

EL&U – English Language and Use. Explore our questions. Available from:

EMA – European Medicines Agency. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) is a decentralised agency of the European Union (EU) responsible for the scientific evaluation, supervision and safety monitoring of medicines in the EU. EMA is governed by an independent Management Board. Amsterdam (The Netherlands). Available from:

EMA CLERM – Emergency Management Agency. Clermont County Ohio. 2279 Clermont Center Drive. Batavia, OH 45103 (USA). Available from:

EME- eMedicineHealth experts for everyday emergencies, ©2016. Available from:

EMERALD or Emerald – Emerald insight. Copyright © 2021 Emerald Publish Limited. Available from:

EMCI – ”Engineered Migration as a Coercive Instrument: The 1994 Cuban Balseros Crisis” by Kelly M. Greenhill. February 2002. Available from:

ENAN – Encyclopedia of the New American Nation. Available from:

EncBritAS – Encyclopaedia Britannica; Or, A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Miscellaneous. volumen 18. Edimburgh: 1796. Available from:;

EncBrit/ENCBRIT – ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA, inc. Britannica Student Encyclopedia. MCCUDDEN, Mary Rose ed., Chicago, Ill. ; London: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2012. ISBN 9781615355198. Encyclopedia Britannica, ©2016 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Available from:

EncHR – Encyclopedia of Human Rights. Edward H. Lawson, ‎Mary Lou Bertucci, ‎David P. Forsythe – 1996. Available from:

EncPrince – Encyclopedia Princetoniensis aims to facilitate both the analysis of self-determination conflicts and the implementation of innovative solutions, targeting academic audiences as well as diplomats, policymakers, mediators, and claimant groups. Available from:

ENCYC – Encyclopedia of Special Education. A reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals. Edited by : Ceci R. Reynolds, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen. Third Edition. Volume 1. John Wiley & Sons. Available from: Web site of our parent company, Cengage Learning. s the Internet’s premier collection of online encyclopedias, provides you reference entries from credible, published sources like Oxford University Press and Columbia Encyclopedia. Available from:

EOE – The Encyclopedia of Earth. Igneous rocks. Available from:

EOL – Encyclopedia of Life. Available from:

EPA – United States Environmental Protection Agency. Available from:

Epichealth – Equivalent Pharmaceutical Industries Corporation. Available from:

Eqhealth – Equity Health. Equity Health Solutions is a trading name of Premier Choice Healthcare Ltd which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. FCA Number 312878. Registered in England and Wales (company number 3910149) Registered address: 7th Floor, Corn Exchange, 55 Mark Lane, London, EC3R 7NE (United Kingdom). Available from:

ERRNE- Glaude, E. S. (2000). ”Exodus!: religion, race, and nation in early nineteenth-century Black America”. University of Chicago Press. Consultado en:

EST – Energy Saving Trust. Available from:

ESTIS – Environmentally Sound Technology Information System. Available from:


ETSU – East Tennessee State University. Institutional Repositories (IRs) bring together all of a University’s research under one umbrella, with an aim to preserve and provide access to that research. 1276 Gilbreath Dr, Johnson City, TN 37614 (USA). Available from:

ETYM / ETYMO / Etymonline (See OED = Online Etymology Dictionary).

ETYMAG – Wharton, Edward Ross. Etyma graeca : an etymological lexicon of classical Greek. London, 1890. Available from:

EU – European Union website. Available from:

EUFIC – The European Food Information Council. Rue Belliard 2A (3rd floor). 1040 Brussels (Belgium). Available from:

Eunomia. Revista en cultura de la legalidad. Available from:

EURF – Eurofins CRL. Available from:

EUR-Lex – European Union Law. Available from:

Eurasiarev – A Journal of Analysis and News. Eurasia Review is an independent Journal that provides a venue for analysts and experts to disseminate content on a wide-range of subjects that are often overlooked or under-represented by Western dominated media. Available from:

EURONEWS – euronews offers a unique perspective on world events. It empowers people to make up their own mind by delivering factual analysis and a diversity of viewpoints. Because all views matter, Euronews is “All Views”. Available from:

Europe PMC – Europe PMC is a service of the Europe PMC Funders’ Group, in partnership with the European Bioinformatics Institute; and in cooperation with the National Center for Biotechnology Information at the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NCBI/NLM). It includes content provided to the PMC International archive by participating publishers. Available from:

European Central Bank (see ECB)

European Commission (see EC).

European Commission – Translation and drafting resources of the European Commission (see ECTransl).

European Consumer Centre for Services (see ECCS).

European Parliament (see EurParl).

European Union website (see EU).

EUROVOC – EU Vocabularies. Available from:

EurParl – European Parliament. Available from:

EUSEW – EU Sustainable Energy Week . Available from:

Everydayhealth – © 1996-2020 Everyday Health, Inc. Everyday Health is among the federally registered trademarks of Everyday Health, Inc. 345 Hudson, Floor 16 New York, NY 10014 (USA). Available from:

EWEA – The European Wind Energy Association. Available from:

Expgerm – Institute for Research of Expelled Germans. Available from:

Express – Home of the Daily and Sunday Express. Copyright ©2018 Express Newspapers. “Daily Express” is a registered trademark. All rights reserved. Available from:

External Action Service of the European Union. Available from:

EZA – European Centre for Workers’ Questions. Available from:

FAG – Find a Grave. Available from:

FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available from:

FAOCDR- FAO Corporate Document Repository. Wastewater treatment. Available from:

FAOTERM – Terminology database, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available from:

FBCBB – FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOCHEMISTRY, CELL BIOLOGY AND BIOPHYSICS – Volume I. Edited by Ralph Kirby, T.G. Downing and M.I.El Gohary. Available from:

FCIT – The Florida Center for Instructional Technology. College of Education, University of South Florida. Available from:

FCN – First Coast News. Available from:

FD – Fine Dictionary. 2016. Available from:

FDA – U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 10903 New Hampshire Ave. Silver Spring, MD 20993 (USA). Available from:

FDIR – Jerram, D. y Petford, N. ”The field description of igneous rocks”. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.

FEANTSA – Fédération Européenne des Associations Nationales Travaillant avec les Sans-Abri (European Federation of National Organisations Working with the Homeless). 194, Chaussée de Louvain. 1210 Brussels (Belgium). Available from:; (ETHOS)

Ferri, F. F. (2018). Ferri’s Clinical Advisor 2019 E-Book: 5 Books in 1. Elsevier Health Sciences. [online book]. Retrieved from:

FetalMed – The Fetal Medicine Foundation. London, UK. © 2017 The Fetal Medicine Foundation. Available from:

Filmaffinity – Film, TV movie and TV series database. Available from:

Filmsite – AMC Filmsite. Available from:

FinTr – Financial Translator by Marcel Solé, author of the blog Available from:

FIRST – Foundation for Ichthyosis & Related Skin Types. National Health Council. Founded in 2010. Lansdale, PA  19446. Available from:

Fivebooks – © FIVE BOOKS 2018. Available from:

FLASH – Website of humanitarian aid and cooperation in logistics, water, sanitation and hygiene. Available from:

FL – FindLaw. Copyright © 2018, Thomson Reuters. Available from:

FM – Forced Migration Organization. Available from:

FMGP – “”Forced migration and global politics””. Alexander Betts. United Kingdom, 2009. Available from:

FOCD – Free Online Collocations Dictionary. Available from:

FoL – ”Fountain of Life” by Dr. Jaerock Lee. Published by Urim Books (Seoul, Korea). Available from:

Forbes. Website of Information for the World’s Business Leaders. Available from:

Foreign Affairs and International Trade of Canada. Available from:

Forman, L. M. 2017. Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

FP – Maria Helena Rowell. The Freud Page. Available from:

FPA – Sexual health charity. Available from:

Free Dictionary, The Free Dictionary (see TFD).

FT – Fairtrade Foundation. Available from:

FWW – First World Original Material © 2000-2009 Michael Duffy, site editor. Available from:

GARD – Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center. National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), National Institute of Health (NIH) & U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126. Available from:

Gavriilaki, E. & Brodsky, R. A. (2019). 25 – Complement-Mediated Coagulation Disorders: Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria and Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome. (4th ed). 2019: 473-490. DOI:

GB – Books Google. Available from:

GCAH – Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity: Misconceptions and Confusion in French Law and Practice. Caroline Fournet. Bloomsbury Publishing. Available from:

GCG – Frederick A. Senese. General Chemistry Glossary. Frostburg State University. Available from:

GDT – Le Grand Dictionnaire Terminologique. Gouvernement du Québec. 2012. [database]. Available from:

GEN – Genius, © 2016 Genius Media Group Inc. Available from:

GENOME – National Human Genome Research Institute. National Institute of Health (NIH) & U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. [online web]. Available from:

GENOMICALS – ” Enzymology and structure of catalases”. January, 2000. Loewen , P., Fita, I. and Nicholls, P. Department of Biological Sciences, Central Campus, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom; CID–CSIC, 08034 Barcelona, Spain and Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg. Available from:

GEOSCI – Geoscientific Model Development (GMD) is a not-for-profit international scientific journal dedicated to the publication and public discussion of the description, development, and evaluation of numerical models of the Earth system and its components. Available from:

GHA – Global Humanitarian Assistance. © Development Initiatives 2018. Development Initiatives is the trading name of Development Initiatives Poverty Research Ltd, registered in England and Wales, Company No. 06368740. Available from:

GHR – Genetics Home Reference. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Available from:

GICHD – Geneva International Centre for Humanitarina Demining. The Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) works towards reducing risk to commu­nities caused by explosive ordnance, with a focus on landmines, cluster munitions and ammunition stockpiles. Maison de la paix, Tower 3. Chemin Eugène-Rigot 2C. P.O. Box 1300, 1211 Geneva 1 (Switzerland). Available from:

Global Observatory. Website of analysis on global issues. Available from:

GLOSS RW – Glossary of Humanitarian Terms. ReliefWeb, 2008. Available from:,

GMM – Grammar Notes and Games. © 2003-2016 Woodward Ltda. Last Updated: 16 May 2016. Available from:

GNB – Girls Not Brides. A global partnership of more than 1000 civil society organisations committed to ending child marriage and enabling girls to fulfil their potential. Available from: (see GOV.UK). (see GR).

GOV.UK – The official website of the UK Government. GOV.UK is managed by Government Digital Service (GDS) on behalf of the Crown. GDS is part of the Cabinet Office and will be referred to as ‘we’ from now on. Available from:

GPDAC – Mroczkowski, Tomasz F.; Millikan, Larry E.; Lawrence Charles Parish, M. D. ”Genital and perianal diseases: a color handbook.” CRC Press, 2014. Available from:

GPF – Global Policy Forum. Global Policy Forum is an independent policy watchdog that monitors the work of the United Nations and scrutinizes global policymaking. Founded in New York in December 1993, GPF is a non-profit, tax-exempt organization, with consultative status at the UN. The office of GPF Europe is located in Bonn, Germany. Available from:

GR – Book reviews, recommendations, and discussion. Available from:

GRAM – Grammarist. Contact at: Available from:

Griffith, V. A. S. (2020). Healers and Patients Talk: Narratives of a Chronic Gynecological Disease. The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, Inc. [online book]. Retrieved from:

GSLC – Genetic Science Learning Center. University of Utah. Available from:

GTH – Good Available from:

GtheH – Googling the Holocaust. A companion blog to my book-in-progress, “What Happened to That Baby” by Julie Z. Rosenberg. Brooklyn, NY (USA). Available from:

GTQs – Got Question Ministries. Available from:

GU – University of Gothenburg. The University of Gothenburg Box 100 405 30 Gothenburg (Sweden). Available from:

Guerra Sousa – Guerra Sousa, R. (2013). Accounting Fraud And Whistleblowing: An Empirical Research On The Influence Of The Delator’s Perception Of Accounting. Revista Universo Contabil, 9(3), 128-142.

GUFF – Guff. 2015 Guff. Available from:

HA – Hydrocephalus Association. Bethesda, MD 20814-4447. Available from:

Haaretz. Israeli online daily newspaper. Available from:

HABHUM – Habitat for Humanity. Great Britain. Registered Charity No: 1043641 (England & Wales) & SC048638 (Scotland). Registered Company No: 3012626. Available from:

HAct – Humanitarian Action. Humanitarian Action provides a comprehensive overview of the humanitarian landscape by providing both an annual snapshot complemented by analysis, and live data on on humanitarian crises and response. Available from:

Hallam, A. “Evaluating Humanitarian Assistance Programmes in Complex Emergencies”. Good Practice Review. September 1998, nº 7. Available from:

Hans and Tamar Oppenheimer Chair in Public International Law. Study and Research of International Law at the McGill University. Available from:

Hartford Hospital. © Copyright 2019 Hartford HealthCare. Design by Julia Balfour, LLC. Available from:

Harvard Health Publishing (see HHP).

Harvard Humanitarian Initiative. Harvard University, 14 Story Street, 2nd Floor, Cambridge, MA 02138 (USA). Available from:

HAss – Histiocytosis Association. 2020. [online web]. Available at:

HBSC – Harriet Beecher Stove Center. 7 Forest Street Hartford, CT 06105. Available from:

Headway – Book Summary App For Fun and Easy Growth. Anton Pavlovsky, Headway CEO and founder. Available from:

HEALTHLINE or Healthline. See HLN.

Help the Afghan Children. NGO for the peace and the education of the children of Afganistan. Available from:

HECARE- Health Careers. Consultado en:

HHH – ”Home Hort Hints. Yard and Garden News for Northern Illinois” University of Illinois Extension. Available from:

HHP – Harvard Health Publications. Harvard Medical School of Harvard University. Available from:

Hiheni Communications. Hineni Hebraic Research Institute (HRRI). Available from:

HIN – Hindawi – Open Access Journal. Available from:

HISTORY – USA. History Made Every Day. American and World History. Available from:

HK Red Cross – Hong Kong Red Cross. Available from:

HKSCCM – Hong Kong Society of Critical Care Medicine. Formally established on 19 May 1983. Official address: B6, Intensive Care Unit, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Available from:

HLN / HLRL – Healthline Reference Library. Copyright © 2005 – 2017 Healthline Media. Available from:

HLS – Harvard Law School, © 2016 The President and Fellows of Harvard College. Available from:

HLSUK – History Learning Site. United Kingdom. Available from:

Hlw – The Fred Hollows Foundation. Available from:

HMO – Honolulu Museum of Art. 900 South Beretania Street Honolulu, Hawaii 96814. Available from:

HMS – Harvard Medical School, © 2016 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. Available from:

HODE – Howard Adelman – Griffith University, Autralia; Protracted Displacement in Asia: No Place to Call Home; 2016; Routledge, New York. Available from:

HONcode – Health On the Net Foundation, Non Govermental Organization. Available from:

HOTN – History On The Net. 2000-2015. Available from:

Howstuffworks – © 1998-2013 HowStuffWorks, Inc. Available from:

HPA – Public Health England. Available from:

HPN – Humanitarian Practice Network. Available from:

HPS – Health Physical Society. Ultraviolet Radiation. Gary Zeman, ScD, CHP. Available from:

HRAU – Australian Human Rights Commission. Available from:

HREA – Human Rights Education Association. Available from:

HRF – Available from:

HSE – Health and Safety Executive, the national independent watchdog for work-related health, safety and illness. Available from:

HSPH – Harvard TH. Chan. Sccool of Public Health. Available from:

HT – Health Talk. Copyright © DIPEx 2017. All rights reserved. Available from:

HU – Humanitarian Resource Institute. (2016). Available from:

HuffPost -HuffPost is now part of the Oath family. Available from:

HUM – Available from:

Humanitarian association (see AHCE)

Human Rights – United for Human Rights. Website of the Universal Declaration of Human Roghts Campaign. Available from:

Human Rights First (see HumRF)

Human Web resource for combating human trafficking. Available from:

HumCoalit – Humanitarian Coalition. 39 McArthur Avenue, Ottawa, ON K1L 8L7, Canada. Available from:

Humentum – Human momentum. Global organization formed by the merger of InsideNGO, LINGOs and Mango in July 2017. Offices in Washington, DC, and Oxford, UK, as well as regional hubs in Africa and Latin America, with experts based in a range of countries around the world. Available from:

Humilaid – Copyright ©2020 HUMILAID+. All rights reserved. Design & digital delivered by Available from:

HuminAct – Humanity in Action. Humanity in Action is an international educational organization. We educate, inspire and connect a global network of students, young professionals and established leaders committed to promoting human rights, diversity and active citizenship—in their own communities and around the world. Humanity in Action is a non-profit and non-partisan organization. Available from:

HUMMC – Heatlh. University of Maryland Medical Center. Available from:

HumRF – Human Rights First. Human Rights First is a non-profit, nonpartisan international human rights organization based in New York, Washington D.C., Houston, and Los Angeles. Available from:

Hunger Notes. Online magazine about hunger and poverty in the USA. Available from:

HW – Healthy WA, Healthy Information for Western Australians. Department of Health, Government of Western Australia. Available from:

IATE – InterActive Terminology For Europe. The EU inter-institutional terminology database. Available from:

IAU – International Astrology Union. Available from:

Icelandrev – Iceland Review. The longest-running English-language magazine presenting Iceland, in continuous print since 1963. Iceland Review includes features on Iceland’s nature, culture, society, politics and business as well as photographs. Iceland Review, Laugavegur 3, 101 Reykjavík (Iceland). Available from:

ICJ – International Court of Justice. Available from:

iCliniq – Medical Second Opinion platform where users can get medical advice from doctors. Copyright © 2024, iCliniq. Orane Healthcare India Private Limited. Available from:

ICRC – International Committee of the Red Cross. Established in 1863, the ICRC operates worldwide, helping people affected by conflict and armed violence and promoting the laws that protect victims of war. An independent and neutral organization, its mandate stems essentially from the Geneva Conventions of 1949. Based in Geneva, Switzerland, and employs some 16,000 people in more than 80 countries. The ICRC is funded mainly by voluntary donations from governments and from National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Available from:

IDA – International Dyslexia Association. © 2016. Available from:

IEMed – European Institute of the Mediterranean. Available from:

IFRC – International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Available from:

IFT – Institute of Food Technologists. Available from:

IG – World-leading online trading and provider, giving you access to opportunities across thousands of financial markets through our intuitive platforms and apps. Established in 1974. Available from:

IGI – IGI Global. International Academic Publisher. Founded in 1988 and headquartered in Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA with a subsidiary office (IGI Science and Technology, Ltd.), operating out of Beijing, China, IGI Global is a leading medium-sized independent academic publisher of international scientific research in the areas of Business & Management; Scientific, Technical, & Medical (STM); and Education. Available from:

IH- Indiana Hurricanes. Available from:

IHR – International Hypnotherapist Register. Available from:

IIED – International Institute for Environment and Development. IIED is a policy and action research organisation based in London and works in Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and the Pacific, with some of the world’s most vulnerable people. Available from:

IJAHSS – International Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences (IJAHSS) is an open access journal under Institute for Promoting Research & Policy Development (IPRPD). 6110 Executive Blvd. Suite #450 Rockville, MD 20852 (USA). Available from:

ILAE – International League Against Epilepsy. Available from:

Illinois Courts. State of Illinois Office of the Illinois Courts (United States of America). Available from:

ILO – International Labour Organization. Available from:

Imam, S. K. & Ahmad, S. I. (2016). Thyroid Disorders. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

IMDb – Internet Movie Database. Available from:

IMF – International Monetary Fund. Available from:

Immig&Mig – ”Immigration and Migration” by Rayna Bailey. Foreword by Lorenzo A. Trujillo, School of Law, University of Colorado. Infobase Publishing, 2008. Available from:

IMV – International meteorological vocabulary, World Meteorological Organization. Geneva, Switzerland: Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO),1992. ISBN 9263021821. Available from:

INDAWIJ – INDAWI Journal. Hindawi is one of the world’s largest publishers of peer-reviewed, fully Open Access journals. Hindawi Limited, Adam House, 3rd Floor, 1 Fitzroy Square, London, England, W1T 5HF. Available from:

INDEP – ”The Independent”. Newspaper (UK and US). Available from:

InfoMig – InfoMigrants is a collaboration led by three major European media sources: France Médias Monde (France 24, Radio France Internationale, Monte Carlo Doualiya), the German public broadcaster Deutsche Welle, and the Italian press agency ANSA. InfoMigrants is co-financed by the European Union. Available from:

INFOMINE – Mining Intelligence and Technology. Available from:

Infoplease. Website of resources for Internet users. Available from:

INFOSEC – Infosec Institue. Available from:

IntecOpen – IntechOpen – where academia and industry create content with global impact. Available from:

InterAction – InterAction is an alliance organization in Washington, D.C. of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). InterAction ©2006-2018. Available from:

International Crisis Group. NGO to preventing and resolving deadly conflicts. Available from:

International Trade Centre. Trade statistics for international business development. Available from:

Interglot – Interglot Translation Dictionary. Available from:

IntOCD – International OCD Foundation. Available from:

Investop – Investopedia. Investopedia helps you understand complex financial concepts, improve your investing skills, and learn how to manage your money. Whether you’re in a classroom, a boardroom or your living room, our editors and network of financial advisors and experts have answered your questions and proudly earned your trust since 1999. Investopedia is a Dotdash brand and part of the IAC family of websites. Available from:

IOM – International Organization for Migration. Established in 1951, IOM is the leading intergovernmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners. In 2016 IOM joined the UN system as the UN Migration Agency. Available from:
Glossary On Migration:

IOMC – International Online Medical Council – International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health. IOMC World, Chaussee de la Hulpe 181, Box 25, 1170 Watermael-Boitsfort, Brussels (Belgium). Available from:

IOS – The International Observatory on Statelessness. Available from:

IPI – IPI Global Observatory. © 2019 IPI International Peace Institute. Available from:

IPPF – International Planned Parenthood Federation. Available from:

IPRPD – Institute for Promoting Research & Policy Development. 6110 Executive Blvd. Suite #450, Rockville, MD 20852 (USA). Available from: (See IJAHSS)

IRLC – Israel Law Resource Center. It is focused on civil rights, human rights and international law in the State of israel. Available from:

IRS – Internal Revenue Service. The Internal Revenue Service is the nation’s tax collection agency and administers the Internal Revenue Code enacted by Congress (United States). Available from:

ISE – The Institute for Sustainable Energy. At Eastern Connecticut State University. Available from:

JACH – Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (1998) 41, 145–147. Available from:

JAGS – Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. Copyright © 1999-2023 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Available from: (See AGS)

JBYP – Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology. Available from:

JCPSP – Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. Copyright © 2015-2019 College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. Recuperado de:

Jedburgh Grammar School. Available from:

Jeffrey L. Cummings; Michael S. Mega (2003). Neuropsychiatry and behavioral neuroscience. Oxford University Press US.

JHM – Johns Hopkins Medicine. The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and The Johns Hopkins Health System Corporation. 2021. [online web]. Available from:

JHU – Johns Hopkins University. Available from:

JofCanc – Journal of Cancerology. Company: Permanyer México. Address: Temístocles, 315 – Colonia Polanco. Country: Mexico. City: Mexico, D.F. Postcode: 11560. Available from:

John Todd. ”Addiction, Lilliputian Hallucination Complicating Dexamphetamine-Amylobarbitone Addiction”. Volume 63. December 1968.

Jolles, S. (2002). Paul Langerhans. NCBI, PCM. J Clin Pathol. 2002 Apr; 55(4): 243. DOI: 10.1136/jcp.55.4.243

JournRes – Journalist’s Resource. Based at Harvard’s Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy. Available from:

JPain – Stanley, TH. (2014). The Fentanyl Story. The Journal of Pain1(12), 1215-1226. Available from:

JPGM – Journal of Postgraduate Medicine. Online since 12th February ’04. © 2004 – 2019 Journal of Postgraduate Medicine Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai (India). Available from:

JPSar – Sartre, Jean-Paul. Nausea (1938). Translation: Lloyd Alexander. New Directions Publishing, 1964. Available from:

JSTOR – JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Available from:

JVL – Jewish Virtual Library. Encyclopaedia of Jewish history and culture covering everything form anti-Semitism to Zionism. A project of the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Available from:

JWSFH – Journal of the Western Society of French History. The Western Society for French History brings together specialists in the study of France and French culture from a wide variety of disciplinary backgrounds. Hosted by Michigan Publishing, a division of the University of Michigan Library. Available from:

Kaiser Website of health issues. Available from:

KID – Kidney Health Australia. Available from:

KidsBrit – Britannica Kids. ©2019 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Available from:

KH – KidsHealth. 1995-2016. Available from:

KLEIN – Klein, E., Dr. (1971). A comprehensive etymological dictionary of the English language dealing … (Vol. I). Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific Publ. doi:

KLS – KLS Stealing Time A parents guide to Kleine Levine Syndrome. Kleine Levin 2016. Available from:

KLSF – KLS Foundation. 2008-2016 KLS Foundation. Available from:

KM – Kathryn Miles. Ecofeminism. 2007. Available from:

Koch (see AFIN)

Know your Skin. British Skin Foundation. Available from:

LabCE – LabCE. 2001 – 2021. MediaLab, Inc. [online web]. Available at:

Lafeber – Lafeber Company. Available from:

Landoni, G., Mucchetti, M., Zangrillo, A. & Bellomo, R. (2015). Reducing Mortality in Critically Ill Patients. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

LANW – Learn About Nuclear Weapons. The Swedish Physicians against Nuclear Weapons and the Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society. Available from:

LAW – Law Academic Dictionary. Available from: – ALM The industry-leading media platform powering over 18 online U.S. national and regional award-winning legal publications that deliver news, rankings, reports, and strategy. ALM is a business-to-business information and intelligence media company that delivers premium content to professionals in the legal, financial services, benefits, consulting, property and casualty insurance, and real estate industries. Available from: Dict – Services & Resources Legal Dictionary. Authors: Gerald and Kathleen Hill. Available from:

LawCorn – Law Cornell. Cornell Law School. Legal Information Institute. Cornell University Law School, Ithaca (New York). Available from:,

LawIns – Law Insider. Law Insider is a subscription based contract database and resource center that helps over 300,000 lawyers and business owners draft and negotiate contracts more effectively. Copyright © 2013-2024 Law Insider Inc. All rights reserved. Available from:

Law.jrank – Law Library, American Law and Legal Information. © 2016 Net Industries and its Licensors. Available from:

Law2 – University of Misouri (Kansas, USA). Available from:

LCR – Landcare Research. PO Box 69040, Lincoln, New Zealand – Available from:

LEAP – Law Enforcement Assistance Programme to Reduce Tropical Deforestation (LEAP). In March 2019, the UN Environment Assembly adopted the Fifth Montevideo Programme for the Development and Periodic Review of Environmental Law (the Montevideo Programme V), which commenced in January 2020. The Montevideo Environmental Law Programme is a ten-year intergovernmental programme on promoting, implementing, and strengthening environmental rule of law worldwide. UNEP is the Secretariat of the programme. Available from:

LEAP-UNEP. UNEP’s Law and Environment Assistance Platform (UNEP-LEAP) is the digital backbone of the Fifth Montevideo Programme for the Development and Periodic Review of Environmental Law (Montevideo Programme V or Programme). Available from:

Learnrel – Learn Religions. Experienced group of writers, full-time ministers, published authors, licensed clergy, and teachers. Available from:

LearnWHR – International Women’s Human Rights Education Institute. Available from:

Lectlaw. The Lectric Law Library. © 1995 – 2017 The ‘Lectric Law Library®. Available from:

Ledbetter, D. J. & Johnson, P. R. V. (2018). Endocrine Surgery in Children. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

Legal Info. Your Online Source For Legal Information and Resources. Available from:

LegisGov – This website is managed by The National Archives on behalf of HM Government. Publishing all UK legislation is a core part of the remit of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (HMSO), part of The National Archives, and the Office of the Queen’s Printer for Scotland. Available from:

Legislon / – is a free legislative online database managed by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). Available from:

Lexico – Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary and Thesaurus. Collaboration between and Oxford University Press. Available from:

Liberty – Liberty challenges injustice, defends freedom and campaigns to make sure everyone in the UK is treated fairly. Available from:

LibreTexts – Chemistry Library. This Living Library is a principal hub of the LibreTexts project, which is a multi-institutional collaborative venture to develop the next generation of open-access texts to improve postsecondary education at all levels of higher learning. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by NICE CXone Expert and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. Available from:

Lipton – Lipton, J. P. (1975). Psychological Aspects of Eyewitness Testimony. California State University, Northridge.

LISTVERSE – Listverse is a Trademark of Listverse Ltd. Copyright (c) 2007–2017 Listverse Ltd All Rights Reserved. Available from:

LITFL – Life in the Fast Lane. Australasian critical care physicians and nurses exploring the changing world of eLearning, emergency medicine, critical care and toxicology through clinical cases, fictionalized anecdotes and medical satire. Available from:

Liu, L., Zhang, M., Min, X., Cai, L. (2015). Low Serum Levels of ABCA1, an ATP-Binding Cassette Transporter, Are Predictive of Preeclampsia. Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 2015, 236, 89-95. [online journal]. Available or retrieved from:

Liverwell – 15 Gracie Street, North Melbourne Vic 3051 (Australia). Available from:

LMS – Life and Multiple Sclerosis. Available from:

Lobe – Hearing health and communication clinics (Quebec, Canada). Available from:

Loudon, I. “Deaths in chilbed from the eighteenth century to 1935”. Medical History. January 1986, nº 30. Available from:

Louv – Musée du Louvre. Available from:

LS – LiquiSearch. Available from:

LSC – Live Science. Live Science launched in 2004, with just three team members, as a complement to the space and astronomy news site The site received Webby Awards as an Honoree in the Science category in 2008 and 2010. It was acquired by TechMediaNetwork, now called Purch, in 2009. Available from:

LSI – Legal Service in India. Laws in India, Supreme Court judgements… Available from:

LSPN – List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. Available from:

LTR – Lab Test Results. Available from:

Luster, M., Duntas, L. H. & Wartofsky, L. (2019). The Thyroid and Its Diseases. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

MaNa – Macherey-Nagel. The MACHEREY NAGEL GmbH & Co. KG Web Site is comprised of various Web pages operated by MACHEREY NAGEL GmbH & Co. KG. Available from:

Marinsight – Marine Insight. The Maritime Industry Guide. Since 2010, Marine Insight has been informing and educating people around the world about the Maritime Industry. Available from:

Maritimesa – Maritime Studies South Africa. This website is copyrighted to either Brian Ingpen or Captain Godfrey Schlemmer. Sponsored by African Marine Solutions (AMSOL) and the South African International Maritime Institute (SAIMI). Available from:

MarMus – The Mariner’s Museum and Park. Museum Blogs. © 1995 – 2019 The Mariners’ Museum and Park. All Rights Reserved. The Mariners’ Museum is a U.S. 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Newport News, Virginia (USA). Available from:

Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law. Available from:

MAYO / MYCLINIC – Mayo Clinic. © 1998-2017 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). All rights reserved. Available from:

McGraw Hill – American publishing company for educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education. Founded in 1888. New York City (USA). See MHHE.

MD/MEDSCAPE – Medscape. Medscape is the leading online global destination for physicians and healthcare professionals worldwide, offering the latest medical news and expert perspectives; essential point-of-care drug and disease information; and relevant professional education and CME. 1994-2016 by WebMD LLC. Medscape, LLC. 395 Hudson Street, 3rd Floor. New York, NY 10014 (United States). Available from:,

MDPI – Hamid S, Rhaleb IA, Kassem KM, Rhaleb N-E. Role of Kinins in Hypertension and Heart Failure. 
Pharmaceuticals. 2020; 13(11):347. Available from:

MEDELA – Medela Healthcare. Available from:

MEDICALDICT (see TFD). (see MN).

MediLexicon – Medical Lexicon. Available from:

MEDLP – MedlinePlus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Institutes of Health. Available from:

MEDNT – Medical News Today. Healthline Media UK Ltd. 2004-2021. [online web]. Available from:

Medscape – See MD/MEDSCAPE.

Medterms – Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms. Available from:

MW – Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary copyright © 2013 by Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Available from: (Learner’s Dictionary)

METEOTERM – World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Terminoloy database. Available from:

Met Office. The Data Controller is the Met Office, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, Devon, EX1 3PB on behalf of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (BEIS). The Met Office is an Executive Agency of BEIS and is registered with the Supervisory Authority (in the name of BEIS). Available from:

MH – Miami Herald. Miami Herald Media Company (Miami, Florida, USA). Available from:

MHHE – McGraw Hill Higher Education. Leading global education company. Available from:

Micropoll. Online free web polls generator. Available from:

MILDIC – Military Linguistic Database. Available from:

Ministry for foreign affairs of Findland. Available from:

Missioni Don Bosco. Website of Salesians religious congregation. Available from:

Mixology – Website of the company Meininger Verlag GmbH, Maximilianstraße 7-17, 67433 Neustadt/Weinstraße, Deutschland. Available from:

MJD – MJD Consulting. Michael J.H. Davies of MJD Consulting specialises in consultancy assignments in developing countries . Available from:

ML – METROLYRICS. (2016). Available from:

MLH – McLean Hospital. Mass General Brigham Mclean. Putting People First in Mental Health. 115 Mill St, Belmont, MA 02478, USA. Available from:

MM – Merck Manuals, © 2016 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA. Available from:

MMK – Mamata Kene,MD et al (2009): “The Professionalization of Humanitarian Health Assistance: Report of a Survey on What Humanitarian Health Workers Tell Us” at Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, Vol. 24, Suppl. 2 . pp. s210-s216. Available from:

MN – – ©1996-2016 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Available from:

MNT – Medicalnewstoday since 2003. Available from:

Mokra, D. & Mokry, J. (2010). Meconium Aspiration Syndrome: From Pathomechanisms to Treatment. New York: Nova Biomedical. [online book]. Retrieved from:

MOSBY – Mosby’s Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions. 10th edition. Copyright © 2017 by Elsevier, Inc. Partially available from Google Play Books, at:’s%20dictionary%20of%20medicine%20nursing%20%26%20health%20professions&f=false

MOSBY, Inc. ”Mosby’s Medical Dictionary”. 8th ed. Edinburgh: Mosby, 2009. Available from Table of contents only ISBN 9780323052900.

Mourei, A. (2008): Nutrition Manual for Humanitarian Action. International Committee of the Red Cross Assistance Division. Available from:

MP – Massive Phobia. MassivePhobia is here to provide information, resources, and support to anyone who wants it. Available from:

MPI – Migration Policy Institute. Available from:

MPTJL – ”Melatonin for the prevention and treatment of jet lag” (Review) by Herxheimer A, Petrie KJ. Copyright © 2009 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Available from:;

MRE – Meal, Ready-to-Eat. U.S. military operational rations. Available from:; MRE UK is a well-renowned online store that has continually featured a variety of high-quality and affordable products since day one. Available from:

MSD – Merck Sharpe & Dhome White House Station. Available from:

MSU – Michigan State University. East Lansing, MI (USA). Available from:

MT – Medical Treasure. Health articles covering syndromes, diseases, medical conditions, disorders and skiln allergies. Available from:

MTALES – Migrant Tales. ”Speaking out of others”. JusticeDemon and Mark Helsinki. 10 years May 30, 2007-2017. Available from:

MTF – Elsevier. © 2016 Elsevier. Available from:

Murphy – Murphy Law Office. Criminal Defense Law Firm, P.C. created in 1996 by John R. Murphy, Rapid City, SD. Available from:

Muse – Project MUSE. Project MUSE Mission. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves. 2715 North Charles Street. Baltimore, Maryland, USA 21218. Available from:

MW – Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary copyright © 2013 by Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Available from:; (Learner’s Dictionary)

N – The Nation. Copyright (c) 2018 The Nation Company LLC. Available from:

NAA – National Aphasia Association, non-profit organization founded in 1987 by Martha Taylor Sarno. Available from:

NAH – Neuroscience and History. Available from:

NarcDiv – Narcotics Division, Security Bureau. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China. Available from:

NARRAT – Narrative Medicine. The Health and Wellbeing Area of ISTUD Foundation. ”CHRONICLE OF NARRATIVE MEDICINE.” Available from:

Nasa – Nasa. National Aeronautics And Space Administration. NASA Headquarters 300 E. Street SW, Suite 5R30
Washington, DC 20546. Available from:

NatArch – National Archives. The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the nation’s record keeper. Of all documents and materials created in the course of business conducted by the United States Federal government, only 1%-3% are so important for legal or historical reasons that they are kept by us forever. Available from:

NatGeo – National Geographic. Website of National Greographic Magazine. Available from:

Natlib – National Library. National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa PO Box 1467 Wellington 6140 New Zealand Available from:

NATURE – Nature. (2018). Nature Publishing Group: science journal, jobs, and information. [online journal]. Available from:

NAVARRO – NAVARRO, Fernando A. ”Diccionario crítico de dudas inglés-español de medicina”. Madrid: McGraw-Hill, Interamericana de España, 2005. ISBN 84-481-9808-5.

NBC – NBC News Digital. A website from NBC Universal. Available from:

NBCOM – Breathing Slower and Less: The Greatest Health Discovery Ever. Available from:

NbN – ”Neuropsychiatry and behavioral neuroscience” by Jeffrey L. Cummings; Michael S. Mega (2003). Oxford University Press US.

NBPharm – New Brunswick Pharmacists’ Association (Canada). Available from:

NCBI (see PMC)

NCBI – National Center for Biotechnology Information. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine
8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD, 20894 USA. Available from:

NCERT – National Council of Educational Research and Training. An autonomous organisation set up in 1961 by the Government of India to assist and advise the Central and State Governments on policies and programmes for qualitative improvement in school education. Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi-110016 (India). Available from:

NCI- National Cancer Institute. Federal government’s principal agency for cancer research and training. United States. Available from:

NCIT – Nacional Cancer Institute Thesaurus. Available from:

NCR – National Council of Resistance of Iran. National Council of Resistance of Iran, a broad coalition of democratic Iranian organizations, groups, and personalities, was founded in 1981 in Tehran, Iran on the initiative of Massoud Rajavi, the leader of the Iranian Resistance. Available from:

NCSCH – North Carolina Society of Clinical Hypnosis. Available from:

ND – University of Notre Dame. The University of Notre Dame was founded in November 1842 by Rev. Edward F. Sorin, C.S.C., a priest of the Congregation of Holy Cross, a French missionary order. It is located adjacent to South Bend, Indiana, USA. Available from:

ND / NDoc – Netdoctor. Available from:

NDH – ”2010 Nurse’s Drug Handbook”. E-book. 9th edition by Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Canada, 2010. Available from:

NDHAN – North Dakota Department of Health. Available from:

NDLR – Notre Dame Law Review. University of Notre Dame. The University of Notre Dame was founded in November 1842 by Rev. Edward F. Sorin, C.S.C., a priest of the Congregation of Holy Cross, a French missionary order. It is located adjacent to South Bend, Indiana, USA. Available from:

NDRI – Conference report of the Network of Democracy Research Institutes. ”Political Clientelism, Social Policy,
and the Quality of Democracy: Evidence from Latin America, Lessons from Other Regions”. Grupo FARO. Quito, Ecuador, November 2010. Available from:–Final.pdf

NDTV – New Delhi Television. Founded in 1988 by Radhika Roy and Prannoy Roy, New Delhi Television is, and has been for more than a quarter century, a pioneer in India’s news television and digital journalism. Available from:

NEJM – The New England Journal of Medicine. Available from:

NEMOURS – Children’s Health System. Available from:

Neon Music – Neon Music Digital Music Discovery & Showcase Platform. Neon Music is comprised of writers with a passion for music and the artists of tomorrow (UK). Available from:

neuro – The Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences. 1988. Available from:

New Europe. Online weekly newspaper. Available from: Australia’s leading news site. National Privacy Officer, News Limited, 2 Holt Street, Surry Hills, NSW 2010 (Australia). Available from:

Newsweek – Newsweek is a premier news magazine and website that has been bringing high-quality journalism to readers around the globe for over 80 years. Available from:

News18 – Network 18 Sites: News18 India, CricketNext, Bangla News, Gujarati News, Urdu News, Marathi News, TopperLearning, Moneycontrol, Firstpost, CompareIndia, History India, MTV India,, Clear Study Doubts, Education Franchisee Opportunity, CAprep18. CNN name, logo and all associated elements ® and © 2016 Cable News Network LP, LLLP. A Time Warner Company. Available from:

New York Times (see NYTIMES).

newyouth – Online Community for Newcomer Youth Information and referrals for immigrant and refugee youth all over Ontario (Canada). Available from:

Nezhat, C. H., Kavic, M. S., Lazafame, R. J., Lindsay, M. K. & Polk, T. M. (2019). Non-Obstetric Surgery During Pregnancy. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

NFXF – National Fragile X Foundation. (2021). [online web]. Available from:

NHHC – Department of the Navy History and Heritage Command. Available from:

NHM – National History Museum. Avaliable from:

NHS – National Health Service. United Kingdom. Available from:

NIAMS – National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease. Bethesda, Maryland 20892. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available from:

NIBIB – Natonal Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering. Available from:

NIDA – National Institute on Drug Abuse. USA Government. Available from:

NIDDK – National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. 1950. Available from:

NIH – National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. USA Government. Available from:

NIHH – National Institutes of Health and Human Services. USA Government. Available from:

NINDS – National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. NIH Neurological Institute. P.O. Box 5801. Bethesda, MD 20824. Reviewed December 19, 2001. Last Modified April 13, 2016. Available from:

NIMH (see NIH).

NKF – National Kidney Foundation. Available from:

NLM – Achan J, Talisuna AO, Erhart A, Yeka A, Tibenderana JK, Baliraine FN, Rosenthal PJ, D’Alessandro U. Quinine, an old anti-malarial drug in a modern world: role in the treatment of malaria. Malar J. 2011 May 24;10:144. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-10-144. PMID: 21609473; PMCID: PMC3121651. Available from:

NM – News Medical Life Sciences. A tight-knit community of scientific, medical, and life sciences experts. – An AZoNetwork Site. Owned and operated by AZoNetwork, © 2000-2019. Available from:

NMDP – National Marrow Donor Program and Be The Match. Available from:

NMN – News Medical. – An AZoNetwork Site
Owned and Operated by Limited Copyright 2000-2016. Available from:

NOAA – National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States Department of Commerce. Available from:

NOC – National Oceanography Centre. European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH (UK). Available from:

NOLO – Legal Encyclopedia. Copyright © 2019 MH Sub I, LLC dba Nolo ®. Available from:

Norad – Norad is the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Oslo). We do the quality-assurance of Norwegian Development Cooperation. Available from:

NORD – National Organization for Rare Disorder. Available from:

NOS – National Osteoporosis Society. Available from:

Nour, Nawal M. ”Health consequences of child marriage in Africa”. Emerging infectious diseases, 2006, vol. 12, no 11, p. 1644. Available from:

NOVAVISION – © 2015 NovaVision. Website related to ophthalmology. 6401 Congress Avenue, Suite 140
Boca Raton, FL 33487. Available from:

NPF – National Psoriasis Foundation. Founded in 1967. National Health Council. Oregon, United States. Available from:

NPS – National Park Service. Bureau of the U.S. Department of the Interior. Available from:

NRC – Norwegian Refugee Council. Oslo (Norway). Available from:

NREV – NutrientsReview 2016. Available from:

NSC – New Scientist. © Copyright Reed Business Information Ltd. Available from:

NSF – National Sleep Foundation. Available from:

NUM – Novel uses and maniestations. Available from: link) pg.1

NWE- New World Encyclopedia. Available from:

NYDaily – New York Daily News. Available from:

NYFA – New York Film Academy. Founde by Jerry Sherlock. © 1992. New York, NY 10004. Available from:

NYSDOH – New York State Department of Health. The New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) is the department of the New York state government responsible for public health. Available from:

NYTIMES – Breaking News, World News and Multimedia. Available from:

OCD – Online Collocation Dictionary. Oxford Collocations Dictionary. Available from:


OCitizen – Ottawa Citizen. © 2023 Ottawa Citizen, a division of Postmedia Network Inc. 365 Bloor Street East, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3L4 (Canada). Available from:

OD – Oxford – Available from:;, Oxford English Dictionary

ODI – Overseas Development Institute. ODI is an independent, global think tank. Available from:

ODIHPN – HPN’s institutional location is the Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), an independent think tank on humanitarian and development policy. Available from:

ODS – Official Documents System of the United Nations. Available from:

OE – Online Encyclopedia. As the Internet’s premier collection of online encyclopedias, provides you reference entries from credible, published sources like Oxford University Press and Columbia Encyclopedia. Available from:

OECD – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Available from:

OECD GLOSS – Glossaries from OECD. OECD iLibrary. Available from:

OED – Oxford English Dictionary (in general) = See OD (Humanterm’s Bibliography)

OED or Etymonline – Online Etymology Dictionary. © 2001-2014 Douglas Harper. Custom logo design by Web page design by Dan McCormack. Programming by Drew Carey Buglione Sponsored Words. Available from:

OG – OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY. Journal of obstetrics and Gynecology. Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. owner of this Web site located at and its related sites. Available from:

OHE – Office of Health Economics. Available from:

OMCT – World Organisation Against Torture. Available from:

OMIM – Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man®. Human Genetics Knowledge for the World. Available from:

Oncology Institute of Vojvodina. Available from:

One World 365. Directory of meaningful holidays. Available from:

OHCHR – United Nations Human Rights. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. Available from:

OHI – Open Heart International. Available from:

OLA – United Nations Office of Legal Affairs (OLA). Available from:

Open Briefing. Website of the world’s first civil society intelligence agency. Available from:

ORML – Horlsey, A., Cunningham, S., Innes, J. A. (2015). Cystic Fibrosis. ed. 2. Oxford University Press. Oxford Respiratory Medicine Library. [online book].  Retrieved from:

Orphanet. [online web]. Available from:

OSCE – Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. Available from:

OSMC  –  Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Specialist. (2021). [online web]. Available from:

OT – Online Thesaurus. Available from:

OUP – Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press (OUP) is the world’s leading university press with the widest global presence. Available from:

OWH – Office on Women’s Health. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS). 1991.  [online web]. Available at:

OxED – Oxford English Dictionary. Copyright © 2023 Oxford University Press. Available from:

OZDIC – Collocation Dictionary. Available from:

PAHO – Pan American Health Organisation. “Humanitarian Assitance in Disaster Situations: A Guide for Effective Aid”. Available from:

Parker, C. J. (2016). Update on the diagnosis and management of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Ematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2016 Dec 2; 2016(1): 208–216. DOI: 10.1182/asheducation-2016.1.208

Patheos – is the premier online destination to engage in the global dialogue about religion and spirituality, and to explore and experience the world’s beliefs. Available from:

Patient or (see Patinf).

Patinf – Patient or – Patient. Trusted medical information and support. EMIS Group plc. Registered in England and Wales. Registered number: 06553923 Registered office: Rawdon House, Green Lane, Yeadon, Leeds LS19 7BY. Patient is a UK registered trade mark. Available from:

PB Works. Online Team Collaboration. Available from:

PBM / PMH – PubMed Health. US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD, 20894 USA. Available from:

PBS – Public Broadcasting Service. 2016. Available from:

PCA – Permanent Court of Arbitration. Available from:

PCR – The Physics Classroom. 1996-2016 The Physics Classroom. Available from:

PCT – PC Tools.; Norton by Symantec. Available from:

PDB – PDB-101 helps teachers, students, and the general public explore the 3D world of proteins and nucleic acids. Learning about their diverse shapes and functions helps to understand all aspects of biomedicine and agriculture, from protein synthesis to health and disease to biological energy. The RCSB PDB is funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation (DBI-1338415), the National Institutes of Health, and the US Department of Energy. Available from:

PDF – Parkinson’s Disease Foundation. © 2019 Parkinson’s Foundation. 200 SE 1st Street, Ste 800, Miami, Florida 33131, USA and 1359 Broadway, Ste 1509, New York, New York 10018, USA. Available from:

Penn – University of Pennsylvania (USA). Available from:

Penn Law – University of Pennsylvania Law School. Legal Scholarship Repository. University of Pennsylvania Law Review. The Penn Law Legal Scholarship Repository is the institutional repository of the University of Pennsylvania Law School. Its purpose is to collect and preserve the scholarly output of Penn Law. This repository is a service of Biddle Law Library. Available from:

PEOPLE – Meredith Corporation. Available from:

PFB – Pretty Famous Books. Available from:

PGDCEM – Post Graduate Diploma Course in Clinical Engineering and Management (PGDCEM). Institut Marquès is an integrated center with a well-established, internationally recognized reputation in the field of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Assisted Reproduction. Available from:

PhobS – Phobia Source. Available from:

PIEHL – Piehl, M., Park, C.W. When Minutes Matter: Rapid Infusion in Emergency Care. Curr Emerg Hosp Med Rep 9, 116–125 (2021). Available from:

PITT – University of Pittsburgh. 4200 Fifth Avenue. Pittsburgh, PA 15260. Available from:

PLC – Practical Law. Available from:

PM – Paper Masters. Paper Masters is a division of E World Publishing, Inc. E World Publishing, Inc. Pennsylvania (USA). Avaible from:

PMC / NCBI – US National Library of Medicine – National Institutes of Health. Available from:

PNAS – Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the UnIted States of America. Available from :

PNIND – Press Information Bureau Government of India Cabinet. Available from:

Pokorski M. (2015). Noncommunicable Diseases. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

Pokorski, M. (2018). Pulmonary Disorders and Therapy. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

POL – Polite Dissent. Comics, medicine, television & fun.

POLIS – Politics in Spires. Collaboration between the members of the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford, and the Department of Politics and International Studies (POLIS) at the University of Cambridge. Available from:

Pollack Jr, C. V. (2019). Differential Diagnosis of Cardiopulmonary Disease. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

PON – Program on Negotiation. The Program on Negotiation (PON) is a university consortium dedicated to developing the theory and practice of negotiation and dispute resolution. As a community of scholars and practitioners, PON serves a unique role in the world negotiation community. Founded in 1983 as a special research project at Harvard Law School, PON includes faculty, students, and staff from Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Tufts University. Available from:

Ponant – Ponant magazine. Escales travel magazine. PONANT magazine. Compagnie du Ponant in Marseille (France). Available from:

POTI – Peace Operations Training Institute®. Available from:

PPID – Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. Por Gerald L. Mandell, John E. Bennet, Raphael Dolin. 7ªed., 1979, Churchill Livingstone ELSEVIER. ISBN: 978-0-4430-6839-3

PPL – Peace Palace Library. The international law library. Available from:

PR – Public.Resource.Org—A 501(C)(3) Nonprofit Corporation. North Sebastopol, CA 95472 . Available from: Premier Dermatology. Available from:

PremUrg – Première Urgence Internationale. International ONG. 2, rue Auguste Thomas. 92600 Asnières-sur-Seine (France). Disponible sur :

PRH – Penguin Random House. Penguin Random House (PRH) is an American multinational conglomerate publishing company formed in 2013 from the merger of Random House (owned by German media conglomerate Bertelsmann) and Penguin Group (owned by British publishing company Pearson plc). Headquarters location: Penguin Random House Tower
New York City, New York, United States. Available from:

Princetonedu – Princeton University. Available from:

Princeton University Press. See PUP.

PRSP – Cte D’ivoire: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper by International Monetary Fund. 2009. Available from:

PSG – Phasmid Study Group. International community with the common interest of rearing and studying phasmids. Available from:

PSILRS – Private Site for International Legal Research and Studies. Dr. Walid Abdulrahim Professor of Law. Available from:

Psychnet – PhyschNet.UK. Your Physicology and Mental Portal. 1998 – 2016 PsychNet-UK. Available from:

PT – Psychology Today. Psychology Today © 1991-2017 Sussex Publishers, LLC | © 2002-2017 Sussex Directories, Inc. Available from:

PUBLIC HEALTH – Public Health is an international, multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal. It publishes original papers, reviews and short reports on all aspects of the science, philosophy, and practice of public health. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Available from:

Pulitzer – The Pulitzer Prizes. The Pulitzer Prizes Columbia University 709 Pulitzer Hall 2950 Broadway New York, NY USA 10027. Available from:

PUN – Permanent Observer Mission of The State of Palestine to the United Nations New York. Available from:

PUP – Princeton University Press. 41 William Street Princeton, New Jersey 08540 United States. Available from:

QUIET – The Quietus. (March, 2016) (England). Available from:

QUORA – Quora’s mission is to share and grow the world’s knowledge. Available from:

RadiologyInfo – for Patients. Copyright © 2017 Radiological Society of North America, Inc. (RSNA). Available from:

Radiopaedia –, a rapidly growing, peer-reviewed open-edit radiology resource, compiled by radiologists and other health professionals from across the globe. Available from:

Rand – Rand Corporation. The RAND Corporation is a research organization that develops solutions to public policy challenges to help make communities throughout the world safer and more secure, healthier and more prosperous. Available from:

RB – Read Biology. Available from:

RCH – Riley Children’s Health. Indiana University Health. Available from:

RCRMC – Riverside County Regional Medical Center. Available from:

Raza Rights Coalition. Available from:

RCO – RC Online. RC Online is a facility under the UNDG RC Talent Management Initiative, providing information and resources for Resident Coordinators, RC pool candidates and all other interested stakeholders. Available from:

RedcrossInt – Red Cross Red Crescent is produced for the Movement by an editorial team composed of staff of the International Federation and the ICRC, working with contributors from National Societies. Available from:

Rezac, C. & Donohue, K. (2019). The Internist’s Guide to Minimally Invasive Gastrointestinal. Surgery. Humana Press. [online book]. Retrieved from:

Reznicek, J., Bearman, G. & Perdue Jr, P. W. (2020). Musculoskeletal Infections. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

RFR – Rooting for Roona. CurleyStreet Media. Available from:

REFCOUNC – Refugee Council. Refugee Council is a registered charity. Charity no. 1014576 Company no. 2727514. Available from:

Refugees International. NGO for lifesaving assistance and protection for displaced people. Available from:

Regency. Website of an international development agency. Available from:

ReliefWeb – Informing humanitarians worldwide. ReliefWeb is a humanitarian information service provided by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). The service is managed by the Digital Services Section of OCHA’s Information Management Branch. Available from: (see also GLOSS RW and RWP).

RESG / RG – Available from:

REUTERS – © 2018 Thomson Reuters. All rights reserved. Thomson Reuters is the world’s leading provider of news and information-based tools to professionals. Available from:

RH- Rock Hounds. Available from

RHJ – Reproductive Health Journal. BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Available from:

RHO – RHO Cervical Cancer. Available from:

RIA Novosti. Website of the Russian Information Agency. Available from:

RinEx – Rights in Exile. Available from:

RJB – ROMANIAN JOURNAL OF BIOLOGY. Volume 56, nº1. 2011. Available from:,%202011.pdf

RNA-UCSC – The Center for Molecular Biology of RNA was founded at the University of California, Santa Cruz, in 1992. Available from:

RnCeus – has offered Online Nursing CE since 2000. All rights reserved RnCeus Interactive™, LLC. Available from:

Rocklaw – Rocket Lawyer. Copyright 2018 Rocket Lawyer Incorporated. Rocket Lawyer provides information and software only. Rocket Lawyer is not a “lawyer referral service” and does not provide legal advice or participate in any legal representation. Rocket Lawyer is not a law firm or a substitute for an attorney or law firm. Available from:

Rotary – Rotary is a global network of 1.2 million neighbors, friends, leaders, and problem-solvers who see a world where people unite and take action to create lasting change – across the globe, in our communities, and in ourselves. Available from:

Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. Available from:

Rspb – The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds is a charitable organisation registered in England and Wales and in Scotland. It was founded in 1889. Available from:

RT – Rotten Tomatoes. Available from:

RtE – Right to Education. The Right to Education Initiative (RTE) is a global human rights organisation focusing on the right to education. Established in 2000 by the first UN Special Rapporteur on the right to education, Katarina Tomaševski, RTE was re-launched in 2008 as the ‘Right to Education Project’, a collaborative initiative supported by ActionAid International, Amnesty International, Global Campaign for Education, Save the Children, and Human Rights Watch. Since May 2017 the Right to Education Initiative is a charity registered in England and Wales with the charity number 1173115. Available from:

RUK – Renewable UK 2013. UK’s leading renewable energy trade association. Available from:

Ruth F. Weiner. ”Environmental Engineering”. Available from:

RUN – Renal & Urology News. It publishes timely news coverage of scientific developments of interest to nephrologists and urologists, including in-depth coverage of all relevant medical conferences. Jody A. Charnow, August 09, 2016.

RWP – ReliefWeb Project – – Draft Version, August 2008. Available from:,, Humanitarian demining as a form of humanitarian assistance under international humanitarian law:

RxList – – Owned and Operated by WebMD and part of the WebMD network. RxList is an online medical resource dedicated to offering detailed and current pharmaceutical information on brand and generic drugs. Founded by pharmacists in 1995, RxList is the premier Internet Drug Index resource. Acquired by WebMD in 2004. RxList’s main office is in San Clemente, California, and the corporate office is in New York, New York (USA). Available from:

SAB – Solidarity Across Borders. Solidarity Across Borders is a migrant justice network based in Montreal (Canada), active since 2003. Available from:

SADC – Southern African Development Community. ”Guideline for Bioavailability and Bioequivalence”, 2007. Available from: Linked to ICH – The International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use. Available from:

SAGEJ- SAGE journals. Sage is a global academic publisher of books, journals, and library resources with a growing range of technologies to enable discovery, access, and engagement. Believing that research and education are critical in shaping society, 24-year-old Sara Miller McCune founded Sage in 1965. Available from:

SAJSS – Graeme Hugo and Chan Kwok Bun. “”Conceptualizing and defining refugee and forced migrations in Asia””. Southeast Asian Journal of Social Science. Vol. 18, No. 1 (1990). Available from:

Saldarriaga, W., Tassone, F., González-Teshima, L. Y., Forero-Forero, J. V., Ayala-Zapata, S. & Hagerman, R. (2014). Fragile X Syndrome. Colomb Med (Cali). 2014 Oct-Dec; 45(4): 190–198. [online book]. Retrieved from:

SCDT- Olenin, S., & Ducrotoy, J. P. (2006). ”The concept of biotope in marine ecology and coastal management”. (documento en línea) Marine pollution bulletin, 53(1-4), 20-29. Available from:

SCF – The Canadian Stem Cell Foundation. Independent, non-profit charitable organization. Available from:

ScholRepos – University of Miami Scholarly Repository. Available from: Website of news and information on science and technology for development. Available from:

SCIENTIST – The Scientist. [online journal]. Available from:

SCUVR – Altmeyer, P., Hoffmann, K. y Stücker, M. 1997. Skin Cancer and UV Radiation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

SD – Science Daily. and its affiliate, Since starting in 1995, ScienceDaily is one of the Internet’s most popular science news web sites. Available from:

SDir – Science Direct. ScienceDirect is Elsevier’s leading information solution for researchers. Available from:

SDHG – San Diego Home/Garden. San Diego Home/Garden Lifestyles magazine, redesigned and refocused, the editorial content taking a friendlier, warmer, more inviting approach to the stories we tell. 4577 Viewridge Avenue, San Diego, CA 92123 (USA). Available from:

Sea&Job – Sea and Job. The Sea and Job magazine launched in May 2007, was the second venture of Sea Line Group succeeding Available from:

Seaman Kowts – Seafaring Guide and Resources. The goal of this website is to provide a platform where seafarers can access relevant information, resources, and support to help them navigate their careers and improve their well-being. Seafarers deserve to be recognized for their contributions to the world and should have access to the resources they need to succeed. Available from:

SF – Songfacts, ©2016 Songfacts®, LLC. Available from:

SFExaminer – San Francisco Examiner. 465 California Street, San Francisco, CA (USA). Available from:

Shaha, A. R., Nathan, C. O., Fernandes, J. K., De Souza, C. & Joshi, S. R. (2020). Surgical and Medical Management of Diseases of the Thyroid and Parathyroid. Plural Publishing. [online book]. Retrieved from:

Shein, S. L. & Rotta, A. T. (2020). Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

SHELTER – Shelter For Life International (SFL) is an international faith-based relief and development organization. 10201 Wayzata Blvd Suite 230 Minnetonka, MN 55305 (USA). Available from:

SHL – Seton Hall Law. Seton Hall University eRepository @ Seton Hall. Law School Student Scholarship. South Orange, New Jersey (USA). Available from:

Shipinsp – Ship Inspection. Shipping News – Ship Inspection, Ship Survey, Shipping, Shipping News, Maritime Guide, Shipping Terms. Available from:

Shipsbusiness – Copyright © 2015 All rights reserved. Editor: Sohrab h.m.k. Haider. Available from:

Shouse Law. Law Group. Available from:

SI- Specialty Infusion Center. Available from:

Simmerman. Law office. Available from:

SINUS – SINUS 2014. Compartilhando Responsabilidades na Promoçao da Justiça. Study Guide of United Nations Security Council. Available from:

SL – Springer Link. Library of millions of documents from journals, books, series, protocols, reference works and proceedings. Available from:

SMH – The Sydney Morning Herald. Website published by a subsidiary of Fairfax Media Limited. Available from:

Smith, W. R. & Stahel, P. F. (2014). Management of Musculoskeletal Injuries in the Trauma Patient. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

Smithsonian – Smithsonian lens on the world, looking at the topics and subject matters researched. Available from:

Social Work and Society. International Online Journal. Available from:

Sociolg – Sociology guide. © 2019 Sociology Guide.Com. Available from:

SouthEdu – Southern Education. Southern Education Foundation, 101 Marietta St. NW Suite 1650, Atlanta, GA 30303 (USA). Available from:

SPC – Storn Prediction Center. NOAA / National Weather Service (USA). Available from:

SPD – Suffix Prefix Dictionary. Available from:

SPRING- Springer Link. Available from:

SPRW – Spread The Word. 2016. Available from:

Sputnik – Sputniknews. Sputnik is a modern news agency whose products include newsfeeds, websites, social networks, mobile apps, radio broadcasts and multimedia press centers.
Sputnik HQ is located in Moscow. Regional offices are located in key regions and countries around the world, including the United States (Washington, DC), China (Beijing), France (Paris), Germany (Berlin), Egypt (Cairo) and the UK (London and Edinburgh). Available from:

SRC – Scottish Refugee Council. Portland House, 17 Renfield Street, Glasgow. Available from:

SSRN – Social Science Research Network. Available from:

SSS – Social Science Space. Social Science Space brings social scientists together to explore, share and shape the big issues in social science, from funding to impact. SAGE launched Social Science Space in January 2011. As the world’s leading independent social science publisher, SAGE celebrates and champions the value and impact of social science. We were founded in 1965 by philanthropist Sara Miller McCune. Available from:

STANCHILD – Stanford Medicine Children’s Health. Available from:

STAND/STANF – Stanford University. Available from:

STANFMED – Standford Medicine. Stanford University School of Medicine. Available from:

Stateagent – On, our mission is to provide actors, directors and backstage staff with the ultimate theatre research platform. Available from:

STEDMAN, Thomas L. Stedman’s Medical Dictionary. 28th ed. Philadelphia, Pa. ; London: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006. Available from: Table of contents ISBN 0781733901.

STEDMAN – Stedman’s Medical Dictionary. Available from:

STUD – © copyright 2003-2018 All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All rights reserved. Available from:

StudyMode – StudyMode was founded in 1999 by Blaine Vess and Chris Nelson, who experienced the same challenges of today’s students—high competition, high pressure and high costs for books and other study materials. ©2019 Available from:

Suisca – Suisca Group – General Ship Suppliers & Services. Calle Juan Domínguez Pérez, 44. 35008 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain). Available from:

SustainAbility. Strategy consultancy. Available from:

Sustainable Energy Week – European Union Sustainable Week 2014. Available from:

Svanemyr, Joar, et al. ”Preventing child marriages: first international day of the girl child “my life, my right, end child marriage””. Reproductive health, 2012, vol. 9, no 1, p. 31. Available from:

Swarnam, K., Soraisham, A. S. & Sivananda, S. (2012). Advances in the Management of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome. Int J Pediatr. 2012; 2012: 359571. DOI: 10.1155/2012/359571.

SYMC – Symptoms to solutions. Available from:

SYN- Synonyms Thesaurus With Definitions and Antonyms. (n.d.). Retrieved from:

SYND – Syndrome. © 2010-2016 All Rights Reserved. Available from:

TAG – Prashant Singh, Sonia S. Yoon, and Braden Kuo. Nausea: a review of pathophysiology and therapeutics (January 2016). National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Available from:,

TAM – “”The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World””. Fifth Ed. Stephen Castles, Hein de Haas, Mark J. Miller. New York, 2014. Available from:

Tandfonline – Taylor & Francis Online. Search peer-reviewed journals and articles. Available from:

TATS – The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. Official Journal of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons and the Southern Thoracic Surgical Association. The mission of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery is to promote scholarship in cardiothoracic surgery patient care, clinical practice, research, education, and policy. Available from:

Taylor&Francis – Taylor & Francis eBooks, Reference Works and Collections. Taylor & Francis Group. 5 Howick Place, London, SW1P 1WG (UK). Available from:

TB – TECH BRIEF. Ion Exchange and Demineralization. A NATIONAL DRINKING WATER CLEARINGHOUSE FACT SHEET. Available from: – 2001 Market Street, Suite 2900. Philadelphia. Available from:

TBump – The Bump. From the creators of The Knot and The Nest, The Bump gives first-time millennial parents the lowdown on fertility, pregnancy, birth and babies with stage-by-stage content, expert advice, breaking news, style inspiration and interactive tools. Bump News. 195 Broadway, Fl. 25 New York, NY 10007 (USA). Available from:

TCD – ” The Concept of Disease: Structure and Change”, Author: Paul Thagard. Available from:

TDHE – Bedworth, David; Bedworth, Albert E. ”Dictionary of health education.” Oxford University Press, 2009. Available from:

Techopedia – Techopedia™ is your go-to tech source for professional IT insight and inspiration, plus we tirelessly feed anyone who is proud to be called a “geek” with the informational and entertaining content they need. Available from:

Telegraph (see The Telegraph).

TERMIUM PLUS – Termium Plus® The Government of Canada’s terminology and linguistic data bank. Available from:

Teruya, J. 2016. Management of Bleeding Patients. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

TFD – The Free Dictionary. Dictionary by Farlex. Thesaurus. Medical Dictionary. Legal Dictionary. Financial Dictionary. Acronyms. Idioms. http: Available from:

TFL – The Free Library. Available from:

TH – Tennishead. is owned by Advantage Publishing (UK) Ltd. Company No: 05734573. Available from:

THCO – ThoughtCo. Lifelong learning. Humanities/History and culture. Available from:

THDICT – Thesaurus Dictionary. Available from:

The American Historical Review (see AHR).

Thebalance – he Balance makes personal finance easy to understand. It is home to experts who provide clear, practical advice on managing your money. Whether you’re looking to invest, buy a home, save for retirement, or achieve another financial goal, The Balance’s 20-year-strong library of more than 9,000 pieces of content will answer your questions with straightforward personal financial advice. The Balance is part of the Dotdash publishing family. Available from:

THESAURUS – Thesaurus Plus. Available from:

The Atlantic – The Atlantic Monthly Group. Available from:

The Electronic Intifada. Website of new about Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Available from:

The Free Dictionary (see TFD).

The Guardian – British daily newspaper. © 2017 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. Available from:

TheHill – The Hill’s events are an extension of our newsroom. We bring our in-depth, news-breaking editorial coverage to the live events stage by engaging opinion leaders and decision-makers in Washington, and across the country, to tackle the most pressing policy and politics issues of our time. Available from:

The Journal of Humanitarian Assistance (see TJOHA).

The Monitor – Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor. Available from:

The Nature of Women. Blog feminist. Available from:

The New York Times (see NYTIMES).

The Telegraph or Telegraph. British online daily newspaper. Latest news, business, sport, comment, lifestyle and culture from the Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph newspapers and video from Telegraph TV. Available from: Blogs from The Telegraph:

The Times of India. Online Indian Daily Newspaper. Available from:

The Rising Trends In Asthma. Wiley & Sons. 1997. Ciba Foundation Symposium 206.

The UN Refugee Agency. Available from:

THI – Texas Heart Institute. Texas Heart Institute is a nonprofit organization. Houston, Texas 77030. Available from:

THIEME – Thieme Connect. Copyright © 2021 Thieme Gruppe. Recuperado de:

Thomas, T. A. (2017). Theodor Schwann: A founding father of biology and medicine. 2017, 15 (4), 299-301. DOI: 10.4103/cmi.cmi_81_17

THZ – The Hitchcock Zone, © 2016 The Hitchcock Zone . Museum Core by Museum Themes is proudly powered by WordPress. Available from:

TI – Trial International. Available from:

TIME – Time (magazine). American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City. It was founded in 1923 and originally run by Henry Luce. © 2019 TIME USA, LLC. All Rights Reserved. Available from:

Timetoast – Place to make timelines on the web. Timetoast timelines was released publicly in April 2008 and has since been mentioned in articles by PC Magazine, Lifehacker, The New York Times, Mashable, Adobe, 37 Signals and countless others. Available from:

TIT – The Irish Times. Available from:

TJOHA – The Journal of Humanitarian Assistance. The Journal of Humanitarian Assistance promotes the rapid exchange of new ideas, previously unpublished research, and the critical write-up of field experience by field workers and researchers in humanitarian assistance. As of October 2015, the Journal is no longer accepting submissions. Available from:

TLD – The Law Dictionary, featuring Black’s Law Dictionary Free Online Legal Dictionary 2nd Edition. Available from:

TME – The Meteorite Exchange. © 1996–2018 THE METEORITE EXCHANGE, INC. Available from:

TMO – The Migration Observatory. The Migration Observatory, at the University of Oxford COMPAS (Centre on Migration, Policy and Society) University of Oxford, 58 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 6QS (UK). Available from:

TMH – ”Terminografía en el ámbito médico: la serie televisiva House a escena” by María González Castro. Spanish terms and English equivalents (terminological cards). Degree Final Project, Grado de Traducción y Comunicación Intercultural (Universidad Europea de Madrid), december 2017.

TMJ – Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. Available from:

TO – Translational Oncology. Available from:

Townsville Community. Legal Service Inc. Available from:

TRR – The Rock Review. © 2024 The Rock Review, EC Studios. Available from:

TSOME – ”The status of medical eponyms: advantages and disadvantages”. Anna Loiacono, Giovanni Iamartino and Kim S. Grego, (eds), Teaching Medical English: Methods and Models, 217-230 ©2011 Polimetrica International Scientific Publisher Monza/Italy. Available from:

Turgeon, M. L. (2020). Clinical Hematology: Theory & Procedures, Enhanced Edition. Jones & Bartlett Learning. [online book]. Retrieved from:

TUS -” The Ulysses Syndrome: Migrants with Chronic and Multiple Stress Symptoms
”And the Role of Indigenous Linguistically and Culturally Competent Community Health Workers”. Alba L. Diaz-Cuellar, Henny A. Ringe, David A. Schoeller-Diaz. University of San Francisco, CA, U.S; Free University, Amsterdam, Netherlands; The Fletcher School, Tufts University, Medford, MA, U.S. Available from:

TvTr – TV Tropes. The All-Devouring Pop-Culture Wiki. Available from:

TWM – True West Magazine. 6702 E. Cave Creek Rd. Suite 5. P.O. Box 8008. Cave Creek, AZ 85327 (USA). Available from:

UCF – University of Central Florida. College of Medicine. Available from:

UCIS – University Center for International Studies. University of Pittsburgh. Available from:

UCL – University College of London. Available from:

UCLA – University of California, Los Angeles (USA). A public research university in Los Angeles. It became the Southern Branch of the University of California in 1919, making it the second-oldest (after UC Berkeley) undergraduate campus of the 10-campus University of California system. Available from:;

UCLAHealth – UCLA Health. [online web]. Available from:

UCLA FSPH – The UCLA Fielding School of Public Health. Founded in 1961. Available from:

UEL – University of East London. London (UK). Available from:;

UC – University of Cincinnati. A public research university in Cincinnati (Ohio, USA). Available from:; Office of Research Integrity.

UCSC – University of California, Santa Cruz (United States). Available from:

UCSF – University of California San Francisco – Medical Center. Available from:

UD – Urban Dictionary. © 1999-2018 Urban Dictionary ®. Available from:

UF – University of Florida. Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. Available from:

UFH – University of Florida Health. UF Health is a collaboration of the University of Florida Academic Health Center, Shands hospitals and other health care entities. © 2019 University of Florida Health. Available from:

UforHR – United for Human Rights. The United for Human Rights is a non-profit, international education program proudly sponsored by the Church of Scientology and Scientologists all over the world. Available from:

UK Essays – The UK’s original provider of custom essays. Copyright © 2003 – 2011. UK Essays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd. Available from:

UMMS – University of Maryland Medical System. University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC). 22 S. Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201 (United States). Available from:,

UMN – University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (often referred to as the University of Minnesota, Minnesota, the U of M, UMN, or simply the U) is a public research university in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota (USA). Available from:

UMNd – University of Minnesota, Duluh. Available from:

UNIS – United Nations Information Service. UNIS Vienna is part of a network of United Nations Information Centres spanning the globe, from Accra to Yaoundé, which are part of the Department of Global Communications (DGC). We share a common goal: to help fulfil the substantive purposes of the United Nations by communicating the activities and concerns of the Organization to the public. Available from:

UN – United Nations. The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945. It is currently made up of 193 Member States. The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter. Available from:

UNAIDS. Website of the United Nations programme on HIV/AIDS. Available from:

UNCHARTER – Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice. Available from:

UND – Understood, for learning & attention issues. Copyright © 2014-2016 UNDERSTOOD.ORG USA LLC. Available from:

UNDP – United Nations Development Programme. Available from:

UNDP-UNEP PEI – Poverty-Environment Initiative of the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Environment Programme. Available from

UNEP – UN Environment Program. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the leading global authority on the environment. Nairobi (Kenya). Available from:

UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Available from:

UNFPA – United Nations Population Fund. Available from:

UNHCR – The UN refugee Agency. Available from:

UNICEF – United Nations Children’s Fund. Available from:

UNIS – United Nations Information Service. UNIS Vienna is part of a network of United Nations Information Centres spanning the globe, from Accra to Yaoundé, which are part of the Department of Global Communications (DGC). We share a common goal: to help fulfil the substantive purposes of the United Nations by communicating the activities and concerns of the Organization to the public. Available from:

UNISDR – United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. Available from:

UNITAR – United Nations Institute for Training and Research. Available from:

United Nations University (see UNU).

United Nations World Food Program (see UNWFP)

University of Cincinnati (see UC)

University of Denver (see DU)

University of East London (see UEL)

University of Gothenburg (see GU)
University of Maryland Medical Center (see UMMC)

University of Maryland Medical System (see UMMS)

University of Michigan (UofM)

University of Minnesota (see UMN)

University of Pennsylvania (see PENN)

University of Pennsylvania Law Review (see Penn Law)

University of Pittsburgh (see PITT)

University of Sussex (see US)

University of Winnipeg (see UWinnipeg)

UNMAS – United Nations Mine Action Service. The United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) is a service located within the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations that specializes in coordinating and implementing activities to limit the threat posed by mines, explosive remnants of war and improvised explosive devices. 1 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 (USA). UNMAS also has an office in Geneva (Switzerland). Available from:

UNN – UN news. The United Nations maintains this web site. Available from:

UNOCHA – United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The United Nations Office at Geneva. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs – OCHA. Avenue de la Paix 8-14. 1211 Geneva (Switzerland). Available from:,

UNODC – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices. UNODC relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from Governments, for 90 per cent of its budget. Available from:

UNOGTERM -The terminological database of the United Nations Office at Geneva (see UNTERM). Available from:

UNOHCHR – Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. United Nations Human Rights. Available from:

UNRIC – The United Nations Regional Information Centre (UNRIC). Available from:

UNRWA – United Nations Relief and Works Agency. The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) is funded almost entirely by voluntary contributions from UN Member States. UNRWA also receives some funding from the Regular Budget of the United Nations, which is used mostly for international staffing costs.
The Agency’s services encompass education, health care, relief and social services, camp infrastructure and improvement, microfinance and emergency assistance, including in times of armed conflict. Available from:

UNTERM – United Nations Multilingual Terminology Database. Maintained by the Terminology Team of the Terminology and Reference Section, Documentation Division, DGACM, New York. Available from:

UNU – United Nations University. The United Nations University encompasses 13 institutes located in 12 countries around the world. The global UNU system is coordinated by UNU Headquarters in Tokyo (Japan). Available from:,

UNU-CPR – United Nations University – Center for Policy Research. Based at UNU Centre in Tokyo from 2014–2017, UNU-CPR relocated to New York City in 2018 and merged with the former UNU Office at the United Nations. Available from:

UNWFP / WPF – United Nations World Food Program. Available from:

UofMhealth – Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan. Michigan Medicine is home to one of the largest health care complexes in Michigan. It has been the site of many groundbreaking medical and technological advancements since the Medical School first opened in 1850. University of Michigan Hospital, 1500 E Medical Center Dr, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States of America). Available from:

UPeace – University for Peace, Concepts in Peace and Conflict Studies. Available from:

UPMC – University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. (2020). University of Pittsburgh. [online web]. Available from:

UPSO – University Press Scholarship Online. In 2011, Oxford University Press launched University Press Scholarship Online (UPSO), a ground-breaking online library bringing works from the world’s best university presses onto a single, easy-to-use resource. Available from:

UQ – University of Queensland. The University of Queensland. Brisbane QLD 4072 Australia. Available from:

UQCivil – University of Queensland. School of Civil Engineering. The University of Queensland. Level 5, Advanced Engineering Building (49) The University of Queensland St Lucia QLD 4072, Australia. Available from:

URMC – University of Rochester Medical Center. Available from:

US – University of Sussex. Sussex Research Online. The University of Sussex is a leading research-intensive university near Brighton (United Kingdom). Available from:

USAGov – An official website of the United States government. Our mission is to create and organize timely, needed government information and services and make them accessible anytime, anywhere, via your channel of choice. Available from:

USAToday – USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company. © Copyright Gannett 2018. Available from:

USC – University of South Carolina. University Libraries Rare Books and Special Collections. Available from:

USCCB Unites States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Available from:

USCIS – U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services administers the nation’s lawful immigration system, safeguarding its integrity and promise by efficiently and fairly adjudicating requests for immigration benefits while protecting Americans, securing the homeland, and honoring our values. Available from:

USC Spine – USC Spine Center. Keck Medicine of USC. (2021). [online web]. Available at:

US DepDef – U. S. Department of Defense. Available from:

US DepSt – U. S. Department of State.The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department. Available from:

USGS – Science for a changing world. We provide science about the natural hazards that threaten lives and livelihoods, the water, energy, minerals, and other natural resources we rely on, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change. Our scientists develop new methods and tools to enable timely, relevant, and useful information about the Earth and its processes. Headquarters: 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive Reston, VA 20192 (USA). Available from:

USHMM – United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Available from:

USIP – United States Institute of Peace. 2301 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037 (USA). Available from:

UTD – Up To Date. Software system that is a point-of-care medical resource. Available from:

U-T San Diego. Website of local news from San Diego. Available from:

Uwasa – Vaasan yliopisto – University of Vaasa. Vaasa, Finland. Available from:

UWH – University of Wisconsin Health Science. Available from:

UWinnipeg – University of Winnipeg. 515 Portage Ave, Winnipeg, MB R3B 2E9, Canada. Available from:

V-Vulcan. Igneous rocks. Available from:

VA New England Healthcare System. Primary Care: Patient Information Handbook. Available from:

VCDH – Virginia Center for Digital History. Available from:

VetBact – Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences – Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science. Available from:


Virginia Center for Digital History (see VCDH).

Virtual Medical Website of Health and Medical Information for Australia. Available from:

Vocab – Founded in 2008, was built by a multidisciplinary team of educators, lexicographers, data scientists, and developers. Available from:

VSMM – Vandana Shiva, Maria Mies. Ecofeminism. 2004. Available from:

VW – verywell. (2016). Verywell is a friendly online resource where you can explore a full spectrum of health and wellness topics, from comprehensive information on medical conditions to useful advice on fitness, nutrition, mental health, pregnancy, and more. The Verywell family of brands, including Verywell Health, Verywell Fit, Verywell Family, and Verywell Mind. Available from:

vwHealth – Verywell Health is an award-winning online resource for reliable, understandable, and up-to-date health information on the medical topics. The Verywell family of brands, including Verywell Health, Verywell Fit, Verywell Family, and Verywell Mind. Available from:

Wada, H., Matsumoto, T., Suzuki, K., Imai, H., Katayama, N., Iba, T. & Matsumoto, M. (2018). Differences and similarities between disseminated intravascular coagulation and thrombotic microangiopathy. Thrombosis Journal. Thromb J. 2018; 16: 14. DOI: 10.1186/s12959-018-0168-2.

WAOJ – World Allergy Organization Journal. © 2016 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Part of Springer Nature. Available from:

WaPo / WP – The Washington Post, a major American daily newspaper published in Washington, D.C.. WP Company LLC (“The Washington Post”), Washington D. C. (USA). Available from:

Washington State Department of Labor and Industries. Available from:

WB – Worldbank. The Office of Ethics and Business Conduct (EBC) ensures staff members understand their ethical obligations to the World Bank as embodied in its Core Values and the various rules, policies, guidelines under which they operate. Available from:

WDI – Who Discovered It. Information about: arts and crafts, food, geography, health, history, science. 2016. Available from:

WebMD – The WebMD content staff blends award-winning expertise in journalism, content creation, community services, expert commentary, and medical review. ©2005-2014 WebMD, LLC. Available from:

Westmidl – West-Midlands Police. West-Midlands (United Kingdom). Available from:

WFP – United Nations World Food Programme. Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68 Parco dei Medici 00148 – Rome (Italy). Available from:

Whipple – Whipple, G. M. (1911). The psychology of testimony. Cornell University. Psychological Bulletin, 8(9), 307–309.

WHO – World Health Organization. The United Nations public health arm. Available from:

WHum – World Humanitarian Day. Available from:

WikiDiff – What’s the difference between. Available from:

Wikipedia – The free encyclopedia. Available from:

Wikisource – The free library. Available from:

Wiktionary – Wiktionary. The free dictionary (2017) A WIKIMEDIA project. Powered by MediaWiki. Available from:

WildlifeT – The Wildlife Trusts. The Wildlife Trusts are a grassroots movement of people from a wide range of backgrounds and all walks of life, who believe that we need nature and nature needs us. We have more than 900,000 members, over 35,000 volunteers, 2,000 staff and 600 trustees. Every Wildlife Trust is part of The Wildlife Trusts federation and a corporate member of the Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts, a registered charity in its own right founded in 1912 and one of the founding members of IUCN – the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. Taken together this federation of 47 charities is known as The Wildlife Trusts. Available from:

WilsCent – Wilson Center. The Wilson Center, chartered by Congress as the living memorial to President Woodrow Wilson, is the nation’s key non-partisan policy forum. In tackling global issues through independent research and open dialogue, the Center informs actionable ideas for Congress, the administration, and the broader policy community. Washington, D.C. (USA). Available from:

Wired – CNMN Collection © 2018 Condé Nast. All rights reserved. Available from:

wiremesh – Golden Metal. Company which specialized in manufacture and export WIRE MESH. Our company located in Anping county,the Native Land of Wire Mesh in China. Available from:

WJES – World Journal of Emergency Surgery. [online journal]. Available at:

WL – Weather Lexicon. DreiTageWetter is a registered word/figurative mark (register number: 302014056123).
Further information is available at the German Patent and Trade Mark Office (DPMA). Available from:

WLR – Weight Loss Resources. Evidence-based, comprehensive programme for people who want to lose weight healthily and sustainably. Weight Loss Resources Ltd, 2C Flag Business Exchange, Vicarage Farm Road. Peterborough PE1 5TX (UK). Available from:

WNMDT – Whonamedit. A dictionary of medical eponyms. 1994 – 2016 Ole Daniel Enersen. Available from:

WOAH – World Organisation for Animal health. Founded in 1924. 12, rue de Prony. 75017 Paris (France). Available from:

WOL – Wiley Online Library. Copyright © 1999-2021 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Available from::

Wordnik. Wordnik is the world’s biggest online English dictionary, by number of words. Wordnik is a nonprofit organization, and our mission is to find and share as many words of English as possible with as many people as possible. Available from:

Worldwide Helpers. Platform to connect volunteers around the world. Available from:

WP – Washington Post (see WaPo)

WFP – World Food Program (see UNWFP)

WRLDAT – Worldatlas. Available from:

WSc – World Scientific. World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd. Since 1981. Offices in New Jersey, London, Munich, Geneva, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Taipei, Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chennai. Available from:

Wu, G. Y., Carey, E. J. & Lindor, K. D. (2014). Cholestatic Liver Disease. (2nd ed). Humana Press [online book]. Retrieved from:

WVI – World vision. Committed to making a positive and lasting difference in the world, and driven by our desire to serve God, World Vision has become a global leader in improving and transforming the lives of children, their families, and their communities. Available from:,

Yale – University of Yale. Copyright © 2019 Yale University · All rights reserved. New Haven, CT 06520, 203-432-4771 (USA). Available from:;;; (Yale School of Medicine)

YouTube – YouTube. 2016 YouTube, LLC. Available from:

YD – Your Dictionary. is owned by LoveToKnow, an innovative online media company with rapid fire growth. The family of privately-held LoveToKnow websites including,,, and, is dedicated to providing useful, high quality and unique content to Internet users. Available from:

YH – Your Hormones. Developed and managed by the Society for Endocrinology. Available from:

Yen, M. T. & Johnson, T. E. (2018). Orbital Cellulitis and Periorbital Infections. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

Yuen H. & Mukherjee, B. (2017).  Emergencies of the Orbit and Adnexa. Springer. [online book]. Retrieved from:

YV – Yad Vasehm. World Center for Holocaust Research. Jerusalem, Israel. Available from:

Zarogoulidis, P., Kioumis, I., Pitsiou, G., Porpodis, K., Lampaki, S., Papaiwannou, A., Katsikogiannis, N., Zaric, B., Branislav, P., Secen, N., Dryllis, G., Machairiotis, N., Rapti, A. & Zarogoulidis, K. (2014). Pneumothorax: from definition to diagnosis and treatment. NCBI. Journal of Thoracic Disease. J Thorac Dis. 2014 Oct; 6(4): 372–376. DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2014.09.24.


Oral sources:

MO – Mark Oakley, lecturer in translation studies at ”Universidad Europea de Madrid” and freelance translator.

PB – Peter Bonney, freelance translator and reviser.