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vitamin

GC: n

S: WHO - http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/micronutrients/9241546123/en/(external link) (last access: 6. November 2016); ES - http://www.exploresupplements.com/vitamins-supplements/vitamin-list(external link) (last access: 4. November 2016).

N: 1. The term vitamin was derived from "vitamine", a compound word coined in 1912 by the Polish biochemist Kazimierz Funk.
2. The discovery, denomination, synthesis and activity of vitamins are a fascinating chapter of the recent history of medicine that has only a century. The word vitamin was introduced by the biochemist Kazimierz Funk.
It ´s composed by “vita” life and “amine” substance containing ammoniac. All the vitamins we know today
were discovered and artificially synthesized from 1912 to 1940 to be given to human beings.
3.Vitamins are divided into two types: fat soluble and water soluble. Fat soluble vitamins (vitamin A, D, E and K) are stored in the fat tissues and liver. They can remain in the body up to six months. When the body requires these, they are transported to the area of requirement within the body with help of special carriers. Water soluble vitamins (B-vitamins and vitamin C) are not stored in the body like the fat soluble ones. They travel in the blood stream and need to be replenished everyday.
4.Vitamins are a group of substances that are needed for normal cell function, growth, and development.
5. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the book Vitamin and Mineral Therapy (1936) by Kazimierz Funk.

S: 1. WVC - http://vitaminscongress.conferenceseries.com/events-list/vitamins-and-etymology(external link) (last access: 4. November 2016). 2. US - http://www.unisanitas.edu.co/Revista/48/08brevehistoria.pdf(external link) (last access: 4. November 2016). 3. ES - http://www.exploresupplements.com/vitamins-supplements/vitamin-listt(external link) (last access: 4. November 2016). 4. MEDLP - https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002399.htm(external link) (last access: 4. November 2016). 5. HTR - https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001555874(external link) (last access: 4. November 2016).

SYN:
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CR: amino acid, folic acid, nutrient.


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