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tumor (EN)

GC: n

S: http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/tumor/(external link) (last access: 12 November 2013); DORLAND; NAVARRO p. 1032.

N: 1. early 15c., from Latin tumor "swelling, condition of being swollen, a tumor," from tumere "to swell" (see tumid).
2. In general, tumors occur when cells divide excessively in the body. Typically, cell division is strictly controlled. New cells are created to replace older ones or to perform new functions. Cells that are damaged or no longer needed die to make room for healthy replacements. If the balance of cell division and death is disturbed, a tumor may form.
3. A spontaneous new growth of tissue forming an abnormal mass.
4. It is with few exceptions of unknown cause, non-inflammatory, and develops independent of, and unrestrained by normal laws of growth and morphogenesis.
5. tumor: term recommended by the Medical Signs and Symptoms Committee.
6. Collocations:
  • Adj.: cancerous | malignant | benign | primary | brain, breast, kidney, etc.
  • Verb + tumour: diagnose | remove.
  • Tumour + noun: cell, tissue | formation, growth | virus.
  • Prep.: ~ in a primary tumour in the breast | ~ on a malignant tumour on the eyelid.
7. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the novel The Fault In Our Stars (2012) written by John Green and the book The Tumor: A Non-Legal Thriller (2016) by John Grisham.

S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=tumor&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 5 September 2014). 2. http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/tumor/(external link) (last access: 12 November 2013). 3, 4 & 5. TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 11 June 2015). 6. http://oxforddictionary.so8848.com/search?word=tumour(external link) (last access: 11 June 2015). 7. http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/11870085-the-fault-in-our-stars(external link) (last access: 18 June 2016); https://www.amazon.com/Tumor-Non-Legal-Thriller-John-Grisham-ebook/dp/B01AUYDNI6(external link) (last access: 18 June 2016).

SYN: 1. tumour (UK). 2. tumour, neoplasm.

S: 1. GDT (last access: 11 June 2015). 2. NAVARRO p. 1032; TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 11 June 2015).

CR: cancer (EN), carcinoma (EN), cyst, leukemia, lymphoma, melanoma (EN), neoplasia (EN), quadrantanopia, sarcoma (EN).

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