tsutsugamushi disease

GC: n

S: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11424484(external link) (last access: 13 May 2017); http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=5860(external link) (last access: 13 May 2017).

N: 1. Japanese tsutsugamushi scrub typhus mite, from tsutsuga sickness + mushi insect.
First Known Use: 1906
2. One of the five major groups of acute infectious rickettsial diseases affecting man, common in Asia and including scrub typhus. It is caused by the microorganism Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, transmitted by the bite of mites
Another name for scrub typhus.
3. Scrub typhus, also called Tsutsugamushi Disease, acute infectious disease in humans that is caused by the parasite Rickettsia tsutsugamushi and is transmitted to humans by the bite of certain kinds of trombiculid mites, or chiggers.
4. The causative agent of scrub typhus, the bacterium R. tsutsugamushi, is primarily a parasite of certain mites, of which two closely related species, Leptotrombidium (Trombicula) akamushi and L. deliens, are the carriers of the disease. During their larval stage, these mites acquire the infection from wild rodents or other small animals. The infection is passed to humans when a mite larva bites a person. Scrub typhus occurs in Southeast Asia and its associated archipelagoes and in Japan, in which latter country the disease was first described (1899) and systematically investigated (1906–32). During World War II scrub typhus killed or incapacitated thousands of troops who were stationed in rural or jungle areas in the Pacific theatre.

S: 1. MW - https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/tsutsugamushi%20disease(external link) (last access: 13 May 2017). 2. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/tsutsugamushi-disease(external link) (last access: 13 May 2017). 3 & 4. EncBrit - https://www.britannica.com/science/scrub-typhus(external link) (last access: 13 May 2017).

SYN: akamushi disease, flood fever, inundation fever, island disease, island fever, Japanese river fever, kedani fever, mite typhus, scrub typhus, shimamushi disease, Sumatran mite fever, tropical typhus, tsutsugamushi fever.

S: COSNAUTAS/LIBRO ROJO (last access: 13 May 2017)

CR: disease, mite.


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