obsessive-compulsive disorder

GC: n

S: NYTIMES - https://goo.gl/8XZupj(external link) (last access: 11 November 2016); IntOCDF - http://oc87recoverydiaries.com/student-with-ocd-anxiety/(external link) (last access: 11 November 2016).

N: 1. This term is composed of a noun and an adjective. The noun "disorder" is derivated from the verb "disorder" which comes from Medieval Latin disordinare "throw into disorder," and from Latin ordinare "to order, regulate". The adjective is divided in two, with the adjective "compulsive" which comes from the French compulsif, and from Latin compulsus, past participle of compellere "to drive together, force, compel" (Psychological sense is from 1902), and the adjective "obsessive" which comes from the French noun obsession obsess(ion) + -ive, and directly from Latin obsessionem (nominative obsessio) "siege, blockade, a blocking up".
2. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a common, chronic and long-lasting disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over.
3. In this disorder it is important to make the difference between the obsession and the compulsion. Obsessions are thoughts, images or impulses that occur over and over again and feel outside of the person’s control. Individuals with OCD do not want to have these thoughts and find them disturbing. In most cases, people with OCD realize that these thoughts don’t make any sense.
Compulsions are the second part of obsessive compulsive disorder. These are repetitive behaviors or thoughts that a person uses with the intention of neutralizing, counteracting, or making their obsessions go away. People with OCD realize this is only a temporary solution but without a better way to cope they rely on the compulsion as a temporary escape.
4. This illness can be abbreviated as OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder), abbreviation used in speaking language as well as in written texts.
5. The term "obsessive-compulsive" can be used as an adjective (relating to or characterized by recurring obsessions and compulsions especially as symptoms of an obsessive-compulsive disorder) or as a noun (an individual affected with an obsessive-compulsive disorder).
6. Cultural Interrelation: In the american film "As Good as It Gets", directed by James L. Brooks, Jack Nicholson stars a 60-year-old writer, Melvin Udall, who suffers from an obsessive-compulsive disorder.

S: 1. OED - https://goo.gl/j5ZpJJ(external link) (last access: 11 November 2016). 2. NIH - https://goo.gl/2elh7a(external link) (last access: 11 November 2016). 3. IntOCDF - https://iocdf.org/about-ocd/(last(external link) access: 11 November 2016). 4. MW- https://goo.gl/wbwC5e(external link) (last access: 11 November 2016). 5. MW - https://goo.gl/wbwC5e(external link) (last access: 11 November 2016). 6. NYTIMES - https://goo.gl/dJ3QGo(external link) (last access: 11 November 2016)

SYN: obsessive–compulsive neurosis, obsessive–compulsive reaction.

S: MW- https://goo.gl/wbwC5e(external link) (last access: 11th November 2016)

CR: Diogenes syndrome


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