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narcissistic personality disorder

GC: n

CT: Personality disorders are longstanding, ingrained, dysfunctional patterns of thinking, behaving and relating to other people that can show up as early as age 8, when children start to become aware of how people react to them. People with narcissistic personality disorder tend not to perceive that they themselves may have a mental health problem, and thus may be less likely to see evaluation or treatment.
S: WebMD - http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/narcissistic-personality-disorder#1(external link) (last access: 1 July 2017)

N: 1. - narcissistic (adj): 1912, see narcissism + -istic. Sometimes erroneously as narcistic. Related: Narcissistically.
Narcissism: 1905, from German Narzissismus, coined 1899 (in "Die sexuellen Perversitäten"), by German psychiatrist Paul Näcke (1851-1913), on a comparison suggested 1898 by Havelock Ellis, from Greek Narkissos, name of a beautiful youth in mythology (Ovid, "Metamorphoses," iii.370) who fell in love with his own reflection in a spring and was turned to the flower narcissus (q.v.). Coleridge used the word in a letter from 1822.
istic: adjectival word-forming element, from French -istique or directly from Latin -isticus, from Greek -istikos, a compound of the adjectival suffix -ikos + the noun suffix –istes.
- personality (n): Late 14c., "quality or fact of being a person," from Medieval Latin personalitatem (nominative personalitas), from Late Latin personalis. Sense of "a distinctive character" is first recorded 1795, from French personnalité.
- disorder (n): 1520s, from the verb disorder (late 15c., from dis- "not" + the verb order (v.). Replaced earlier disordeine (mid-14c.), from Old French desordainer, from Medieval Latin disordinare "throw into disorder," from Latin ordinare "to order, regulate").
2. Symptoms:
  • Having an exaggerated sense of self-importance.
  • Expecting to be recognized as superior even without achievements that warrant it.
  • Exaggerating your achievements and talents.
  • Being preoccupied with fantasies about success, power, brilliance, beauty or the perfect mate.
  • Believing that you are superior and can only be understood by or associate with equally special people.
  • Requiring constant admiration.
  • Having a sense of entitlement.
  • Expecting special favors and unquestioning compliance with your expectations.
  • Taking advantage of others to get what you want.
  • Having an inability or unwillingness to recognize the needs and feelings of others.
  • Being envious of others and believing others envy you.
  • Behaving in an arrogant or haughty manner.
3. Diagnosis:
  • NPD must be distinguished from the other 3 cluster B personality disorders, which are as follows:
    • Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD).
    • Borderline personality disorder (BPD).
    • Histrionic personality disorder (HPD).
4. Cultural interrelation: We can mention the film, Dorian Gray by Oliver Parker (2009). It was based on a novel, the picture of Dorian Gray, which was written by Oscar Wilde.

S: S: 1. OED - https://goo.gl/M3DcGC;(external link) https://goo.gl/cbCks4;(external link) https://goo.gl/QqPtU4;(external link) https://goo.gl/sgFEtT;(external link) https://goo.gl/79My5j(external link) (last Access: 2 July 2017). 2. MAYO - http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/narcissistic-personality-disorder/basics/symptoms/con-20025568(external link) (last access: 2 July 2017). 3. MD - http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1519417-overview(external link) (last access: 2 July 2017). IMDB - http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1235124/(external link) (last access: 2 July 2017).

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