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nationality

CG: n

S: UNICEF - https://www.unicef.org/pon96/coname.htm(external link) (last access 8.11.2018); AI - https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/01/bahrain-government-expels-citizens-after-having-revoked-their-nationality/(external link) (last access 8.11.2018).

N: 1. 1690s, "national quality," from national + -ity (in some usages perhaps from French nationalité. As "fact of belonging to or being a citizen of a particular state," from 1828, gradually shading into "race, ethnicity." Meaning "separate existence as a nation" is recorded from 1832.
2. A legal relationship involving allegiance on the part of an individual and usually protection on the part of the state.
3. Nationality, in law, membership in a nation or sovereign state. Individuals, companies (corporations), ships, and aircraft all have nationality for legal purposes. It is in reference to natural persons, however, that the term finds most frequent use. Nationality is in fact commonly regarded as an inalienable right of every human being. Thus, the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) states that “everyone has the right to a nationality” and that “no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality.” Nationality is of cardinal importance because it is mainly through nationality that the individual comes within the scope of international law and has access to the political and economic rights and privileges conferred by modern states on their nationals.
4. It is to be distinguished from citizenship (q.v.), a somewhat narrower term that is sometimes used to denote the status of those nationals who have full political privileges.
5. Collocations:
  • Adj + nationality: various cultural differences among various nationalities; mixed teams of mixed nationality; dual He has dual British and South African nationality; foreign; minority; Argentinian, etc.
  • Verb + nationality: have; acquire, adopt, assume, obtain, take She is hoping to adopt Australian nationality; inherit; retain; change; give up, renounce; lose; grant sb; refuse sb.
  • Nationality + verb: be represented About 30 nationalities were represented at the tournament.
  • Phrases: on (the) grounds of nationality.
6. Cultural interrelation: We can mention “The terminal”, a film directed by Steven Spielberg in 2004.

S: 1. OED - https://www.etymonline.com/word/nationality#etymonline_v_35420(external link) (last access 8 November 2018). 2. MW - https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/nationality(external link) (last access 8 November 2018). 3. ENBRI - https://www.britannica.com/topic/nationality-international-law(external link) (last access 8 November 2018). 4. ENBRI - https://www.britannica.com/topic/nationality-international-law(external link) (last access 8 November 2018). 5. OCD - http://www.freecollocation.com/search?word=nationality(external link) (last access 8 November 2018). 6. FA - https://www.filmaffinity.com/en/film505081.html(external link) (last access 8 November 2018).

SIN:
S:


CR: statelessness, stateless person.








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