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stroke

GC: n

S: WHO - http://www.who.int/topics/cerebrovascular_accident/en/(external link) (last access: 17 November 2016); MEDLP - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/stroke.html(external link) (last access: 6.11.2014).

N: 1. stroke, "act of striking," c.1300, probably from Old English strac "stroke," from Proto-Germanic straik- (cognates: Middle Low German strek, German streich, Gothic striks "stroke").
2. A sudden and severe attack; also called ictus.
3. Stroke, also called apoplexy, sudden impairment of brain function resulting either from a substantial reduction in blood flow to some part of the brain or from intracranial bleeding. The consequences of stroke may include transient or lasting paralysis on one or both sides of the body, difficulties in speaking or eating, and a loss in muscular coordination. A stroke may cause cerebral infarctions—dead sections of brain tissue.
4. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, first recognized stroke over 2,400 years ago.
5. Abbreviated form of apoplectic stroke.
6. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention Dombey and son (1846-1848) by Charles Dickens (1812-1870). "It was a tremendous sight to see this old woman in her finery leering and mincing at Death, and playing off her youthful tricks upon him as if he had been the Major; but an alteration in her mind that ensued on the paralytic stroke was fraught with as much matter for reflection, and was quite as ghastly."

S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=stroke(external link) (last access: 4.11.2014). 2. DORLAND p. 1786. 3. EncBrit - http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/569347/stroke(external link) (last access: 6 November 2014). 4. JHM - http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/nervous_system_disorders/history_of_stroke_85(external link),P00223/ (last access: 4.11.2014). 5. COSNAUTAS/LIBRO ROJO (last access: 6 November 2014). 6. http://www.victorianlondon.org/etexts/dickens/dombey-0037.shtml(external link) (last access: 7 December 2016).

SYN: 1. apoplexy. 2. ictus.

S: 1. EncBrit (last access: 6 November 2014).. 2. GDT (last access: 6 November 2014)., TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 6 November 2014).

CR: anticoagulant, quadrantanopia.


Terminology

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