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pharmacy

GC: n

S: http://www.ehow.com/info_8246240_difference-between-pharmacy-drugstore.html(external link) (last access: 6 August 2015); GDT.

N: 1. late 14c., "a medicine," from Old French farmacie "a purgative" (13c.), from Medieval Latin pharmacia, from Greek pharmakeia "use of drugs, medicines, potions, or spells; poisoning, witchcraft; remedy, cure," from pharmakeus (fem. pharmakis) "preparer of drugs, poisoner, sorcorer" from pharmakon "drug, poison, philter, charm, spell, enchantment." Meaning "use or administration of drugs" is attested from c.1400; that of "place where drugs are prepared and dispensed" is first recorded 1833. The ph- was restored 16c. in French, 17c. in English (see ph).
2. In the United States, the words "pharmacy" and "drugstore" are used interchangeably, though the latter label often suggests a store that sells prescription medications and other products. What a business chooses to call itself often depends on what additional products, if any, the business sells besides pharmaceuticals.
3. Cultural Interrelation: In Europe there are old pharmacies still operating in Dubrovnik, Croatia located inside the Franciscan monastery, opened in 1317 ; and one in the Town Hall Square of Tallinn, Estonia dating from at least 1422.
The oldest pharmacy is claimed to be set up in 1221 in the Church of Santa Maria Novella in Florence, Italy, which now houses a perfume museum. The medieval Esteve Pharmacy, located in Llívia, a Catalan enclave close to Puigcerdà, is also now a museum dating back to the 15th century, keeping albarellos from the 16th and 17th centuries, old prescription books and antique drugs.

S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=pharmacy&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 4 September 2014). 2. http://www.ehow.com/info_8246240_difference-between-pharmacy-drugstore.html(external link) (last access: 6 August 2015). 3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_pharmacy(external link) (last access: 30 April 2016).

SYN: 1. chemist's (GB). 2. drugstore (US). 2. drug store.

S: 1. NAVARRO p.762. 2. TERMIUMPLUS; NAVARRO p. 762. 2. TERMIUMPLUS.

CR: first-aid kit, medicine cabinet, pharmacy (2).



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