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disorder

GC: n

S: https://www.mentalhelp.net/articles/medical-disorders/(external link) (last access: 6 May 2016); http://www.anosmiafoundation.com/research.shtml(external link) (last access: 30 October 2016).

N: 1. 1520s, from the verb disorder (late 15c., from dis- "not" + the verb order (v.). Replaced earlier disordeine (mid-14c.), from Old French desordainer, from Medieval Latin disordinare "throw into disorder," from Latin ordinare "to order, regulate").
2. A derangement or abnormality of function; a morbid physical or mental state.
3. Differences between disease, disorder, syndrome and condition:
  • A disease is a pathophysiological response to internal or external factors.
  • A disorder is a disruption to regular bodily structure and function.
  • A syndrome is a collection of signs and symptoms associated with a specific health-related cause.
  • A condition is an abnormal state of health that interferes with normal or regular feelings of wellbeing.
4. Collocations:
  • Adj.: complete.
  • Verb + disorder: throw sth into.
S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=disorder&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 21 October 2014). 2. DORLAND p. 547. 3. https://www.healthwriterhub.com/disease-disorder-condition-syndrome-whats-the-difference/(external link) (last access: 21 March 2018). 4. OZDIC - http://www.ozdic.com/collocation-dictionary/disorder(external link) (last access: 11 May 2015).

SYN:
S:

CR: ageusia (EN), alcoholism, anomaly, anosmia (EN), Asperger syndrome, ataxia (EN), attention deficit disorder, autism, Diogenes syndrome, disease, epilepsy, gender dysphoria, impairment, insomnia, Kleine-Levin syndrome, micropsia (EN), obesity, obsessive-compulsive disorder, overweight, Raynaud's phenomenon, somnambulism, syndrome (EN), ubiquitin.

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