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diarrhea

GC: n

S: WHO - http://www.who.int/topics/diarrhoea/en/(external link) (last access: 23 May 2015); http://www.medicinenet.com/diarrhea/article.htm(external link) (last access: 28 February 2016).

N: 1. late 14c., from Old French diarrie, from Late Latin diarrhoea, from Greek diarrhoia "diarrhea" (coined by Hippocrates), literally "a flowing through," from diarrhein "to flow through," from dia- "through" (see dia-) + rhein "to flow" (see rheum). Respelled 16c. from diarria on Latin model.
2. diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, abnormally swift passage of waste material through the large intestine, with consequent discharge of loose feces from the anus. Diarrhea may be accompanied by cramping. The disorder has a wide range of causes. It may, for example, result from bacterial or viral infection; from dysentery, either amoebic or bacillary; from impaired absorption of nutrients; from eating coarse or highly seasoned foods or drinking large quantities of alcoholic beverages; from poisons such as arsenic or mercury bichloride; or from drugs administered to reduce high blood pressure.
3. Can be seen in some inflammatory bowel diseases (ulcerative colitis), Reiter's syndrome and other reactive arthritis.
4. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention, among many others, The Diarrhea Diary (2014) written by Threebrain and Albert Christmas Squirrel.

S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=diarrhea&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 3 September 2014). 2. EncBrit - http://global.britannica.com/science/diarrhea(external link) (last access: 3 September 2014). 3. TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 3 September 2014). 4. http://www.amazon.com/The-Diarrhea-Diary-Threebrain/dp/1495229033(external link) (last access: 28 February 2016).

GV: diarrhoea

S: EncBrit - http://global.britannica.com/science/diarrhea(external link) (last access: 3 September 2014); TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 3 September 2014); GDT (last access: 3 September 2014).

SYN:
S:

CR: amebiasis (EN), Bifidobacterium bifidum (EN), cholera (EN), dysentery.

Terminology

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