corruption (EN)

GC: n

S: http://www.parl.gc.ca/About/Parliament/LegislativeSummaries/Bills_ls.asp?ls=c48&Parl=39&Ses=1&Language=E(external link) (last access: 11 December 2014)

N: 1. mid-14c., of material things, especially dead bodies, also of the soul, morals, etc., from Latin corruptionem (nominative corruptio), noun of action from past participle stem of corrumpere. Of public offices from early 15c.; of language from late 15c.
2. The act or fact of making, becoming, or being corrupt.
3. Improper and usually unlawful conduct intended to secure a benefit for oneself or another. Its forms include bribery, extortion, and the misuse of inside information. It exists where there is community indifference or a lack of enforcement policies. In societies with a culture of ritualized gift giving, the line between acceptable and unacceptable gifts is often hard to draw.
4. Collocations:
  • Adj.: gross, massive, serious | petty | endemic, rampant, rife, widespread Corruption was rife before the election. | high-level | alleged | financial, moral, political | official | government, police.
  • Quant.: case.
  • Verb + corruption: attack, combat, curb, eliminate, fight, root out, stem, tackle | be involved in.
  • Corruption + noun: scandal | allegation | investigation.
  • Prep.: ~ among. Corruption among high-ranking government officials.
  • Phrases: accusations/allegations of corruption, bribery and corruption.
S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=corruption&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 11 December 2014). 2. TERMIUMPLUS. 3. EncBrit - http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1163901/corruption(external link) (last access: 11 December 2014). 4. http://oxforddictionary.so8848.com/search1?word=corruption(external link) (last access: 22 May 2015).


CR: bribe, bribery, clientelism, influence peddling, prevarication.


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