hospital
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GC: n

S: WHO – https://bit.ly/2ZXv5IV (last access: 5 May 2019); NCBI – https://bit.ly/2Wnt725 (last access: 5 May 2019).

N: 1. mid-13c., “shelter for the needy,” from Old French hospital, ospital “hostel, shelter, lodging” (Modern French hôpital), from Late Latin hospitale “guest-house, inn,” noun use of neuter of Latin adjective hospitalis “of a guest or host” (as a noun, “a guest; the duties of hospitality”), from hospes (genitive hospitis) “guest; host.”
The sense of “charitable institution to house and maintain the needy” in English is from early 15c.; meaning “institution for sick or wounded people” is first recorded 1540s. The same word, contracted, is hostel and hotel. The sense shift in Latin from duties to buildings might have been via the common term cubiculum hospitalis “guest-chamber.” The Latin adjective use continued in Old French, where ospital also could mean “hospitable” and ospitalite could mean “hospital.”
2. Hospital, an institution that is built, staffed, and equipped for the diagnosis of disease; for the treatment, both medical and surgical, of the sick and the injured; and for their housing during this process. The modern hospital also often serves as a centre for investigation and for teaching.
3. Health Institutions: Institution for medical and surgical treatment of the sick and injured.
4. Medical and Dental Services (Military): A static medical treatment facility having more than 25 beds, the function of which is to provide diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive medical care on an in-patient and out-patient basis for Canadian Forces personnel and other entitled individuals as designated by the Minister.
5. Medical and Dental Services (Military): hospital; hosp: term and abbreviation officially approved by the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces.
6. Collocations:

  • Adj. community, district, local; NHS, private; day, long-stay; general; children’s, maternity, mental, psychiatric, etc.; teaching.
  • Verb + hospital: go into/to; rush sb to, take sb to; admit sb to, readmit sb to; stay in; come out of, leave; discharge sb from.
  • hospital + noun: doctor, staff; inpatient, outpatient, patient; care, services, treatment; clinic, unit, ward; bed; admission, stay.
  • Prep.: at a/the hospital; in (a/the) hospital; to (a/the) hospital.
  • Phrases: admission to hospital, a stay in hospital.

7. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention, above all, General Hospital (TV Series 1963-).

S: 1. OED – https://bit.ly/2FTmrC0 (last access: 5 May 2019). 2. EncBrit – https://bit.ly/2Y8rIxa (last access: 5 May 2019). 3 to 5. TERMIUM PLUS – https://bit.ly/2Y7KTa8 (last access: 5 May 2019). 6. Ozdic – https://bit.ly/2ZUTbny (last access: 5 May 2019). 7. IMDb – https://imdb.to/2DOpn2u (last access: 5 May 2019).

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CR: health professional, home hospitalization, humanitarian field hospital, intensive care unit.