contagion (EN)

GC: n

S: http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/contagion/colonialism.html(external link) (last access: 19 January 2016); http://infectiousdiseases.edwardworthlibrary.ie/theory-of-contagion/(external link) (last access: 19 January 2016); DORLAND.

N: 1. Fracastoro did not deny the existence of bodily humors such as phlegm, but he contended that there is a large class of diseases caused by contagion rather than humoral imbalance. Persons can contract infections even if their humors are normally balanced. He defined a contagion as a "corruption which develops in the substance of a combination, passes from one thing to another, and is originally caused by infection of the imperceptible particles".
2. L. contagio; fr. contingo, to touch closely. Transmission of infection by direct contact, droplet spread, or contaminated fomites. The term originated long before development of modern ideas of infectious disease and has since lost much of its significance, being included under the more inclusive term “communicable disease.”
3. Infectious diseases are caused by microscopic germs (such as bacteria or viruses) that get into the body and cause problems. Some — but not all — infectious diseases spread directly from one person to another. Infectious diseases that spread from person to person are said to be contagious.
Some infections spread to people from an animal or insect, but are not contagious from another human. Lyme disease is an example: You can't catch it from someone you're hanging out with or pass in the street. It comes from the bite of an infected tick.
Contagious diseases (such as the flu, colds, or strep throat) spread from person to person in several ways. One way is through direct physical contact, like touching or kissing a person who has the infection. Another way is when an infectious microbe travels through the air after someone nearby sneezes or coughs.
Sometimes people get contagious diseases by touching or using something an infected person has touched or used — like sharing a straw with someone who has mono or stepping into the shower after someone who has athlete's foot. And sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are spread through all types of sex — oral, anal, or vaginal.
4. Collocations:
  • contagion of, fear(s) of contagion, spread of contagion.
  • contagion effect.
  • common contagion, widespread contagion.
  • to accept, to avoid, to escape, to limit, to spread by.
5. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the novel Contagion (1996) by Robin Cook and the movie Contagion (2011) directed by Steven Soderbergh.

S: 1. TCD - http://cogsci.uwaterloo.ca/Articles/Pages/Concept.html(external link) (last access:19 November 2013). 2. STEDMAN - Drugs.com - http://www.drugs.com/dict/contagion.html(external link) (last access: 22 November 2013). 3. http://kidshealth.org/teen/expert/illnesses/contagious.html(external link) (last access: 22 May 2015). 4. http://www.linguee.es/espanol-ingles/traduccion/efecto+contagio.html(external link) (last access: 22 May 2015); http://www.thefreedictionary.com/contagion(external link) (last access: 22 May 2015); MW- http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/contagion(external link) (last access: 22 May 2015). 5. http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/66469.Contagion(external link) (last access: 19 January 2016); http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/749482(external link) (last access: 19 January 2016).

SYN: contagium

S: STEDMAN - Drugs.com - http://www.drugs.com/dict/contagion.html(external link) (last access: 22 November 2013); TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 26 April 2016).

RC: disease


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