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spider crab

GC: n

S: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81752001000200026(external link) (last access: 26 July 2016); http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/life/Majidae(external link) (last access: 26 July 2016).

N: 1. spider (n): late 14c., spydyr, from earlier spiþre, spiþur, spiþer (14c.), from Old English spiðra, from Proto-Germanic *spin-thron- (cognate with Danish spinder), literally "the spinner," from *spen-wo- "to spin" + formative or agential *-thro.
crab (n): crustacean, Old English crabba, from a general Germanic root (compare Dutch krab, Old High German krebiz, German Krabbe, Old Norse krabbi "crab"), related to Low German krabben, Dutch krabelen "to scratch, claw," from PIE root *gerbh- "to scratch, carve".
Spider crab is from 1710, used of various species
2. Spider crab, any species of the decapod family Majidae (or Maiidae; class Crustacea). Spider crabs, which have thick, rather rounded bodies and long, spindly legs, are generally slow-moving and sluggish. Most are scavengers, especially of dead flesh.
3. Majids, a widely distributed marine group, are fished commercially in temperate waters, such as in the North Pacific. Some are quite small; for example, the long-beaked spider crab (Macropodia rostrata) of European coastal waters has a body about 1 cm (less than 0.5 inch) in diameter. The largest spider crab, and perhaps the largest known arthropod, is the giant crab of the Pacific.
4. A crab of the family Majidae.
5. spinous spider crab: trade name recommended by the "Comité de normalisation de la terminologie des pêches commerciales" and by Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=Spider+crab(external link) (last access: 26 July 2016). 2 & 3. EncBrit - https://global.britannica.com/animal/spider-crab(external link) (last access: 26 July 2016). 4 & 5. TERMIUM PLUS - http://goo.gl/CAQTiS(external link) (last access: 26 July 2016).

SYN: spinous spider crab, spiny crab.

S: GDT - http://goo.gl/tCZcPi(external link) (last access: 26 July 2016); TERMIUM PLUS - http://goo.gl/CAQTiS(external link) (last access: 26 July 2016).

CR: edible crab

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