GC: nm

S: HUMMC - http://www.uofmmedicalcenter.org/healthlibrary/Article/115808EN(external link) (last access: 4 December 2014). HEALTHC - http://www.healthcentral.com/encyclopedia/408/591.html(external link) (last access: 4 December 2014); DORLAND.

N: 1. From bronchial (c.1735, from Late Latin bronchus, from Greek bronkhos "windpipe, throat". Bronchial tubes is from 1847.) and spasm, late 14c., "sudden violent muscular contraction," from Old French spasme (13c.) and directly from Latin spasmus "a spasm," from Greek spasmos "a spasm, convulsion," from span "draw up, tear away, contract violently, pull, pluck," Attested from 1817.
2. The most common cause of bronchospasm is asthma, though other causes include respiratory infection, chroniclung disease (including emphysema and chronic bronchitis), anaphylactic shock, or an allergic reaction to chemicals.
3. When bronchi become obstructed, greater pressures are needed to push air through them in order to meet the body's requirement for oxygen. This requires greatly increased muscular effort. Breathing during bronchospasm requires more effort than normal breathing.The excessive amounts of sticky mucus caught in the bronchi are highly irritating, and often trigger coughing.
4. Excessive bronchial irritability is the root of asthma. Asthmatic attacks in children can be caused by a number of triggers: allergy, exercise, emotions, upper respiratory infections and irritants.
5. The symptoms of bronchospasm are trouble breathing, coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing (whistling sound when you breathe), chest tightness and pressure.
6. The term exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) describes the acute transient airway narrowing that occurs during and most often after exercise in 10 to 50% of elite athletes, depending upon the sport examined. Although multiple factors are unquestionably involved in the EIB response, airway drying caused by a high exercise-ventilation rate is primary in most cases.
7. Bronchospasm can be successfully treated, as over 180 Russian medical doctors, found. The effective way to deal with bronchoconstriction is the Buteyko breathing medical therapy that is approved by the Russian Ministry of Health. It has been applied on more than 200,000 people with health problems (such as asthma, bronchiestasis, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, COPD, and many others) that involve bronchospasm.
8. Bronchospasm symptoms can be effectively eliminated with breathing exercises that involve those breathing devices that trap exhaled CO2 (such as the Amazing DIY breathing device, Frolov breathing device, and Samozdrav). These devices help to increase body-oxygen levels and reduce bronchospasm in a matter of minutes. However, up to 2-4 weeks are often necessary in order to significantly change automatic or basal breathing patterns.

S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=bronchial&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 8 December 2014); http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=spasm&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 8 December 2014). 2, 3 & 4. HEALTHC - http://www.healthcentral.com/encyclopedia/408/591.html(external link) (last access: 4 December 2014). 5. DRUGS - http://www.drugs.com/cg/bronchospasm.html(external link) (last access: 4 December 2014). 6. NCBI - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12096931(external link) (last access: 4 December 2014). 7 & 8. NBCOM - http://www.normalbreathing.com/d/bronchospasm.php(external link) (last access: 4 December 2014).

SYN: bronquiospasm, bronchismus, bronchial spasm.


CR: asthma


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