alopecia (EN)

GC: n

S: AAD - https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/hair-and-scalp-problems/hair-loss(external link) (last access: 15 November 2017); NHS - https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Hair-loss/(external link) (last access: 15 November 2017).

N: 1. Late Middle English: via Latin from Greek alōpekia, literally ‘fox mange’, from alōpēx ‘fox’.
2. An abnormal patchy or diffuse loss of hair, particularly scalp hair.
3. In diffuse alopecia it may be necessary to lose up to 50% of scalp hair before alopecia is clinically detectable. In the rheumatic diseases this may be either disease or drug related (steroids and some cytotoxic agents) and the degree may fluctuate with control of the disease or change of therapy. Alopecia is one of the most common non-specific cutaneous signs of systemic lupus erythematosus.
4. It is generally much easier to lose hair than to regrow it. Even when it returns, it is often thin and less attractive than the original.
5. In 2004, a report a the annual meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology said that alopecia was becoming nearly epidemic among black women as a result of some hairstyles that pull too tightly on the scalp and harsh chemical treatments that damage the hair shaft and follicles.
6. There are different types of alopecia. The most common ones are: alopecia areata; alopecia totalis; alopecia universalis; alopecia barbae; androgenetic alopecia and scarring alopecias.
7. baldness is the partial or complete absence of hair from areas of the body where it normally grows.
Male pattern baldness varies in degree and is usually seen in persons with comparatively heavy body and facial hair. It has a hereditary basis and is common among people of European or indigenous Australian ancestry.
8. Cultural interrelation: In the movie Hairless (2004), directed by Sarah Johnson, the main character, Alyssa, suffers from alopecia.

S: 1. OD - https://goo.gl/ELzgQk(external link) (last access: 15 November 2017). 2 & 3. TERMIUM PLUS - http://www.goo.gl/LLmC1U(external link) (last access: 15 November 2017). 4 & 5. TFD - https://goo.gl/7Jqt7Z(external link) (last access: 12 November 2017). 6. AO - https://goo.gl/u9xgeR(external link) (last access: 13 November 2017). 7. EncBrit - https://goo.gl/j933kr(external link) (last access: 15 November 2017). 8. IMDb - https://goo.gl/Zh5gJ2(external link) (last access: 13 November 2017).

SYN: hair loss, hairlessness.

S: OD - https://goo.gl/ELzgQk(external link) (last access: 12 November 2017)

CR: systemic lupus erythematosus


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