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bailiff

GC: n

S: file:///C:/Users/3004/Downloads/SN04103%20(3).pdf(external link) (last access: 24 October 2017); https://www.criminaljusticedegreeschools.com/criminal-justice-careers/bailiff/(external link) (last access: 24 October 2017).

N: 1. Middle English baillif, bailie, from Anglo-French baillif, from bail power, authority, office, from baillier to govern, administer, from Medieval Latin bajulare to care for, support, from Latin, to carry a burden.
First Known Use: 14th century.
2. An official employed by a British sheriff to serve writs and make arrests and executions
A minor officer of some U.S. courts usually serving as a messenger or usher
Chiefly British :one who manages an estate or farm.
3. A person employed by the sheriff to serve writs and to make arrests and executions of court orders.
4. bailiff: common-law sense. The term "bailiff" has a slightly different meaning in common-law and civil-law jurisdictions, although the bailiff performs similar functions in both systems. In Quebec civil law, bailiffs are independent from sheriffs and are public officers, which means, for example, that they have the power conferred by the State to authenticate or certify documents.
5. A bailiff is someone entrusted with the care and protection, guardianship, or jurisdiction of a person, land, or personal property pending further court action. It also refers to a court official or a law enforcement officer, usually a deputy sheriff, marshal or constable, who keeps order in the courtroom and handles various tasks for the judge and clerk such as calling cases to approach the bench. The bailiff acts as an intermediary between the judge and attorneys.
6. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention Battling Bailiff from Night Court (TV series 1984-1992).

S: 1 & 2. MW - https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bailiff(external link) (last access: 24 October 2017). 3 & 4. TERMIUM PLUS - http://www.goo.gl/zJQD5X(external link) (last access: 24 October 2017). 5. https://definitions.uslegal.com/b/bailiff/(external link) (last access: 24 October 2017). 6. http://nightcourt.wikia.com/wiki/Episode:Battling_Bailiff(external link) (last access: 24 October 2017).

SYN: 1. judicial officer. 2. enforcement agent.

S: 1. http://www.huissier-justice.fr/images-contenu/FrenchBailiffs_BD.pdf(external link) (last access: 24 October 2017). 2. file:///C:/Users/3004/Downloads/SN04103%20(3).pdf(external link) (last access: 24 October 2017).

CR: court clerk

Terminology

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