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absorption (EN)

GC: n

S: WHO - http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/training_poisons/basic_analytical_tox/en/index2.html(external link) (last access: 26 November 2015); SD - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123744135001081(external link) (last access: 26 November 2015).

N: 1. Late 16th century (in the sense 'the swallowing up of something'): from Latin absorptio(n-), from absorbere 'swallow up'.
2. The uptake of substances into or across tissues such as the skin, intestine, or renal tubules.
3. In Psychology absorption refers to "devotion of thought to one object or activity, with inttention to others".
4. In Chemestry, "the penetration of a substance within the inner structure of another".
5. Not to mistake with adsorption: "The attachment of one substance to the surface of another; the concentration of a gas or a substance in solution in a liquid on a surface in contact with the gas or liquid, resulting in a relatively high concentration of the gas or solution at the surface".
6. Collocations (General Language):
  • Noun: spectrum , coefficient , water , emission , band , light , radiation , calcium , energy , section , drug , heat , distribution , vitamin , place , line , oxygen , cross , rate , ray , iron , metabolism , spectroscopy , nutrient , photon , digestion , edge , food , intestine , carbon.
  • Verb: be , can , cause , prevent , use , result , produce , affect , take , promote , reduce , call , increase , accompany , remove , cost , interfere , have , facilitate , determine , require , relate , coefficient , will , may , see , occur , decrease , concern , depend.
S: 1. OD - http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/es/definicion/ingles/absorption(external link) (last access: 26 November 2015). 2 to 4. DORLAND p. 7. 5. DORLAND p. 33. 6. OD - http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/es/definicion/ingles/absorption(external link) (last access: 26 November 2015).

SYN:
S:

CR: adsorption (EN)

Terminology

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