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government

GC: n

S: http://www.globalhumanitarianassistance.org/countryprofile/united-states(external link) (last access: 5 November 2015); https://www.gov.uk/government/policies/humanitarian-emergencies(external link) (last access: 5 November 2015).

N: 1. late 14c., "act of governing or ruling;" 1550s, "system by which a thing is governed" (especially a state), from Old French governement "control, direction, administration" (Modern French gouvernement), from governer "to govern". Meaning "governing power" in a given place is from 1702.
2. In a popular talk the terms the 'State' and Government" are very often used synonymously. Common people use them in an identical sense. Even the king like Louis XIV ignored this distinction when he said. "I am the State". What he claimed was actually the government and the State whose authority he had possessed.
The political scientists make a clear distinction between the State and government. Some of the difficult problems of political science are solved on the basis of the distinction between the State and government. Some of the difficult problems of political science are solved on the basis of the distinction between the State and government.
Government is a narrow concept and it is an element of the State. It is rightly said the State is an organic concept in which the government is a part. Willoughby writes. "By the term government is designated the organization of the State machinery through which is designated the organization of the State machinery through which its purposes are formulated and executed'". Government is an agent of the State. That is why in a democracy, it is considered as servant and the State as master. Government is compared with the brain of the living organism; what the brain is to the man. The government is to the State.
3. Collocations:
- people in control of a country:
  • Adj.: central, federal, local, national, provincial, regional; Communist, Conservative, Labour, etc.; left-wing, right-wing; coalition; minority; caretaker, interim, transitional; military; puppet; French; Western, etc.
  • Verb + government: elect; form; install; swear in; head; bring down, destabilize, oust, overthrow, topple.
  • government + verb: come to power; take office; fall; announce sth;introduce sth, launch sth.
  • government + noun: agency, body, department; funds, money; aid, assistance, backing, funding, grant, subsidy, support; expenditure, spending; cuts; control; intervention; minister, official, representative, spokesman; sources; figures, statistics; post; reshuffle; decisions, legislation, measures, plans, policy, proposals; report; propaganda.
  • Preposition: in ~ a problem facing whichever party is in government; under a/the ~ measures that were introduced under the last government
  • Phrases: a change of government It is time we had a change of government. | the government of the day This was a decision taken by the government of the day. | a member of a government The prime minister has been meeting members of the French government.
- act of governing:
  • Adj.: democratic, representative; firm, good, strong; weak.
S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=government&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 5 November 2015). 2. http://www.preservearticles.com/201012241588/what-is-the-difference-between-state-and-government.html(external link) (last access: 5 November 2015). 3. http://oxforddictionary.so8848.com/search?word=government(external link) (last access: 5 November 2015).

SYN:
S:

CR: state


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